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README.md

BlockPi

一个专门为树莓派设计的图形化编程平台,基于Google Blockly构建,适用于树莓派爱好者或者少儿编程学习。

A visual programming editor app for Raspberry Pi, built on Google Blockly, made for RPi users or kids to learn coding.

特点/Features

  • 完整的Blockly移植到树莓派上,完全免费使用。Full Blockly features on RPi, free to use.

  • 集成树莓派GPIO控制,支持Sense HAT和CSI摄像头,未来支持更多树莓派外设和功能。Build-in GPIO control, Sense HAT and CSI Picamera support, and more functions in the future.

  • 程序可直接在应用内运行,同时可转化成Python代码,方便学习Python。Code runs in the app, and can be convert to Python. Helpful to learn Python.

  • 支持繁简体中文、英语。Localization for English, Simplified/Traditional Chinese.

  • 支持保存、载入程序。Support save&load codes.

前置需求/Requirements

安装好官方最新Raspbian桌面系统(Raspbian Buster with desktop and recommended software)的树莓派(4B、3、3B、3B+等有40pin GPIO的型号)。

A Raspberry Pi with 40pin GPIO(4B, 3, 3B, 3B+...), with Raspbian Buster with desktop and recommended software installed.

如果不是,请确保树莓派系统中安装了Nodejs 12以上的版本和Python 3。

If not, please make sure your Linux-based RPi system have Nodejs v12+ and Python 3 installed.

安装/Install

release页面下载最新版deb(推荐)或者AppImage安装包,保存到你的树莓派上。Download the latest release on the release page, choose deb(recommended) or AppImage, save it to your RPi.

deb

  • 双击deb文件直接安装。Double click the deb file to install.

  • 或者使用用终端命令:Or you can use command in shell:

sudo dpkg -i blockpi_1.1.3_armv7l.deb

注意自己的文件名。Pay attention to your file name.

如果安装失败,通常是系统内缺少必要模块导致的,输入

sudo apt install -f

安装模块后重新输入安装命令。

If failed to install. it's usually caused by the lack of some packages, try input

sudo apt install -f

to install them and then try the dpkg command again.

AppImage

先下载运行requirements.sh文件。First, download the requirements.sh file and run it.

右键AppImage文件,选择文件属性-权限-执行-所有人,确定。Right-click the AppImage file, choose file properties-permittions-execute-everyone, confirm.

双击直接运行程序。Double-click to run the APP.

如果不是官方最新系统,可能需要手动安装前置包:If your system is not the latest Raspbian, you may have to install some packages manually first:

sudo apt update
sudo apt install python3-gpiozero sense-hat python3-sense-emu sense-emu-tools python3-picamera

Windows x64

下载安装包安装,在Windows上运行,可以正常编程,但是无法运行和树莓派硬件相关的程序。Download the installer and run it. You can program on Windows version but can't run any code related to RPi hardware.

未来计划/Future plans

  • UART、IIC、SPI设备支持,比如数码管、LCD/OLED屏幕。UART, IIC, and SPI devices support, e.g. LED segments, LCD/OLED screen...

  • 模数转换、马达、可变调蜂鸣器支持。ADC, motors and tonal buzzer support.

  • 更多Python功能和模块,比如字典、爬虫、图片处理、Turtle等。More Python functions and modules like dictionary, http requests, pictures, and even Turtle.

  • 人工智能 AI

  • ……

开发/Develop

需要NodeJS 12以上稳定版,以及npm或者Yarn(推荐Yarn)。Need NodeJS v12 LTS+ and npm or Yarn(recommended).

克隆仓库/Clone repo:

git clone https://github.com/alienzhangyw/BlockPi.git

安装/Install:

cd BlockPi
yarn install

关于如何创建新积木,可以参考谷歌Blockly的文档。View Google Blockly’s docs can help you create new blocks.

打包所有积木脚本/Build all blocks:

yarn build:blocks

打包Python代码生成脚本/Build Python code generator:

yarn build:generator

运行BlockPi/Run BlockPi:

yarn start

打包发行Windows版本/Pack and build Windows version:

yarn dist:win

打包发行树莓派版本/Pack and build RPi versions:

yarn dist:linux

树莓派版本只能在非arm架构的Linux系统(如Ubuntu或WSL)打包,遇到权限问题需要在命令前加上sudo。RPi versions only can be build on none-arm Linux system such as Ubuntu or WSL. You may need 'sudo' if meet permission issues.

FAQ

  1. Q:软件收费吗?Is this app free?

    A:不,完全免费。Yes, it's totally free!

  2. Q:deb和AppImage有什么区别?Is there any difference between deb and AppImage?

    A:基本上没什么区别,deb安装方式多了关闭自动保存代码的功能,而AppImage能够自动检查更新。Basically they are the same, deb installation can auto-save your code when you close the APP, while AppImage can check for updates automatically.

  3. Q:和树莓派上自带的Scratch3有什么区别?What's the difference between BlockPi and Scratch3 on Raspbian?

    A:BlockPi能够生成Python代码,未来会更新更多Scratch3上没有的功能,更多传感器设备支持和人工智能功能。BlockPi can generate Python code. In the future, I will update more features than Scratch3, more sensor device support and even AI functions.

  4. Q:有使用说明或者教程吗?Any tutorials?

    A:在项目Wiki页面有持续更新一些教程和案例,也可以关注我的知乎专栏BlockPi树莓派图形化编程。I keep updating some tutorials on the Wiki page.

另外

有工作职位推荐或者商务合作请私信或者发送邮件至alienzhangyw@live.cn

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