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README
Apache-2.0

FunAdmin docker版本 默认使用 PHP8+mysql8+nginx

注意注意注意,重要的事说三次,请把 www/funadmin换为最新的版本

1. 卸载之前安装的组件

sudo yum remove docker \
                  docker-client \
                  docker-client-latest \
                  docker-common \
                  docker-latest \
                  docker-latest-logrotate \
                  docker-logrotate \
                  docker-engine

1.安装yum-utils

sudo yum install -y yum-utils

2.设置稳定的存储库

sudo yum-config-manager \
    --add-repo \
    http://mirrors.aliyun.com/docker-ce/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

##下面是官网的, 上面使用阿里云的 国内比较快

https://download.docker.com/linux/centos/docker-ce.repo

# 1. 直接安装最新docker版本

sudo yum -y install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io

2. 安装完成后查看版本

docker -v

设置为开机启动

systemctl enable docker
启动
systemctl start docker
查看启动状态
systemctl status docker

安装docker-compose

 curl -L https://get.daocloud.io/docker/compose/releases/download/1.29.2/docker-compose-`uname -s`-`uname -m` > /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

 chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose

设置docker用户组

- 1. 创建docker用户组

 sudo groupadd docker

- 2. 应用用户加入docker用户组

 sudo usermod -aG docker ${USER}

 - 3. 重启docker服务

 sudo systemctl restart docker

-  4. 切换或者退出当前账户再从新登入

   su root             切换到root用户
su ${USER}          再切换到原来的应用用户以上配置才生效

安装docker 和docker-compose

修改 .env 数据库密码 默认为root 123456

进入 funadmin-docker 目录 并使用docker-compose up 安装

进入services/nginx/conf.d/funadmin.conf 修改域名配置 即可安装

域名+8080 即可访问数据库

访问域名进行安装 主机名字请填写mysql 切记不要填写127.0.0.1

Host中使用php命令行(php-cli)

  1. 参考bash.alias.sample示例文件,将对应 php cli 函数拷贝到主机的 ~/.bashrc文件。
  2. 让文件起效:
    source ~/.bashrc
  3. 然后就可以在主机中执行php命令了:
    ~ php -v
    PHP 7.2.13 (cli) (built: Dec 21 2018 02:22:47) ( NTS )
    Copyright (c) 1997-2018 The PHP Group
    Zend Engine v3.2.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2018 Zend Technologies
        with Zend OPcache v7.2.13, Copyright (c) 1999-2018, by Zend Technologies
        with Xdebug v2.6.1, Copyright (c) 2002-2018, by Derick Rethans

使用composer

方法1:主机中使用composer命令

  1. 确定composer缓存的路径。比如,我的funadmin-docker下载在~/funadmin-docker目录,那composer的缓存路径就是~/funadmin-docker/data/composer
  2. 参考bash.alias.sample示例文件,将对应 php composer 函数拷贝到主机的 ~/.bashrc文件。

    这里需要注意的是,示例文件中的~/funadmin-docker/data/composer目录需是第一步确定的目录。

  3. 让文件起效:
    source ~/.bashrc
  4. 在主机的任何目录下就能用composer了:
    cd ~/funadmin-docker/www/
    composer create-project funadmin/funadmin project --no-dev
  5. (可选)第一次使用 composer 会在 ~/funadmin-docker/data/composer 目录下生成一个config.json文件,可以在这个文件中指定国内仓库,例如:
    {
        "config": {},
        "repositories": {
            "packagist": {
                "type": "composer",
                "url": "https://mirrors.aliyun.com/composer/"
            }
        }
    }
    

方法二:容器内使用composer命令

还有另外一种方式,就是进入容器,再执行composer命令,以PHP7容器为例:

docker exec -it php /bin/sh
cd /www/localhost
composer update

4.管理命令

4.1 服务器启动和构建命令

如需管理服务,请在命令后面加上服务器名称,例如:

$ docker-compose up                         # 创建并且启动所有容器
$ docker-compose up -d                      # 创建并且后台运行方式启动所有容器
$ docker-compose up nginx php mysql         # 创建并且启动nginx、php、mysql的多个容器
$ docker-compose up -d nginx php  mysql     # 创建并且已后台运行的方式启动nginx、php、mysql容器


$ docker-compose start php                  # 启动服务
$ docker-compose stop php                   # 停止服务
$ docker-compose restart php                # 重启服务
$ docker-compose build php                  # 构建或者重新构建服务

$ docker-compose rm php                     # 删除并且停止php容器
$ docker-compose down                       # 停止并删除容器,网络,图像和挂载卷

添加快捷命令

在开发的时候,我们可能经常使用docker exec -it进入到容器中,把常用的做成命令别名是个省事的方法。

首先,在主机中查看可用的容器:

$ docker ps           # 查看所有运行中的容器
$ docker ps -a        # 所有容器

输出的NAMES那一列就是容器的名称,如果使用默认配置,那么名称就是nginxphpphp56mysql等。

然后,打开~/.bashrc或者~/.zshrc文件,加上:

alias dnginx='docker exec -it nginx /bin/sh'
alias dphp='docker exec -it php /bin/sh'
alias dphp56='docker exec -it php56 /bin/sh'
alias dphp54='docker exec -it php54 /bin/sh'
alias dmysql='docker exec -it mysql /bin/bash'
alias dredis='docker exec -it redis /bin/sh'

下次进入容器就非常快捷了,如进入php容器:

$ dphp

查看docker网络

ifconfig docker0

用于填写extra_hosts容器访问宿主机的hosts地址

5.使用Log

Log文件生成的位置依赖于conf下各log配置的值。

5.1 Nginx日志

Nginx日志是我们用得最多的日志,所以我们单独放在根目录log下。

log会目录映射Nginx容器的/var/log/nginx目录,所以在Nginx配置文件中,需要输出log的位置,我们需要配置到/var/log/nginx目录,如:

error_log  /var/log/nginx/nginx.localhost.error.log  warn;

PHP-FPM日志

大部分情况下,PHP-FPM的日志都会输出到Nginx的日志中,所以不需要额外配置。

另外,建议直接在PHP中打开错误日志:

error_reporting(E_ALL);
ini_set('error_reporting', 'on');
ini_set('display_errors', 'on');

如果确实需要,可按一下步骤开启(在容器中)。

  1. 进入容器,创建日志文件并修改权限:
    $ docker exec -it php /bin/sh
    $ mkdir /var/log/php
    $ cd /var/log/php
    $ touch php-fpm.error.log
    $ chmod a+w php-fpm.error.log
  2. 主机上打开并修改PHP-FPM的配置文件conf/php-fpm.conf,找到如下一行,删除注释,并改值为:
    php_admin_value[error_log] = /var/log/php/php-fpm.error.log
  3. 重启PHP-FPM容器。

MySQL日志

因为MySQL容器中的MySQL使用的是mysql用户启动,它无法自行在/var/log下的增加日志文件。所以,我们把MySQL的日志放在与data一样的目录,即项目的mysql目录下,对应容器中的/var/lib/mysql/目录。

slow-query-log-file     = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.slow.log
log-error               = /var/lib/mysql/mysql.error.log

以上是mysql.conf中的日志文件的配置。

.数据库管理

本项目默认在docker-compose.yml中不开启了用于MySQL在线管理的phpMyAdmin,以及用于redis在线管理的phpRedisAdmin,可以根据需要修改或删除。

phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin容器映射到主机的端口地址是:8080,所以主机上访问phpMyAdmin的地址是:

http://localhost:8080

MySQL连接信息:

  • host:(本项目的MySQL容器网络)
  • port:3306
  • username:(手动在phpmyadmin界面输入)
  • password:(手动在phpmyadmin界面输入)

phpRedisAdmin

phpRedisAdmin容器映射到主机的端口地址是:8081,所以主机上访问phpMyAdmin的地址是:

http://localhost:8081

Redis连接信息如下:

  • host: (本项目的Redis容器网络)
  • port: 6379

.在正式环境中安全使用

要在正式环境中使用,请:

  1. 在php.ini中关闭XDebug调试
  2. 增强MySQL数据库访问的安全策略
  3. 增强redis访问的安全策略
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