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EugeneChen authored 2019-10-31 16:39 . upload en doc,code refactor

RC API

Reference counting (RC) is a programming technique of storing the number of references to a resource, such as an object, a block of memory, disk space, and others, and releasing the resource when the number of references becomes 0. RC is used to achieve automatic resource management. RC also refers to a garbage collection algorithm that deallocates objects which are no longer referenced.

To support RC, OpenArkCompiler provides the following APIs for better code generation.

void MCC_IncRef_NaiveRCFast(address_t obj)

Function:

Increments RC of the object.

Input parameter:

obj: pointer of the heap object

Return value:

None

void MCC_DecRef_NaiveRCFast(address_t obj)

Function:

Decrements RC of the object.

Input parameter:

obj: pointer of the heap object

Return value:

None

void MCC_ClearLocalStackRef(address_t *addr)

Function:

Clears local reference on the thread stack and decrements RC for the stored reference.

Input parameter:

addr: address of the local reference on the thread stack

Return value:

None

void MCC_IncDecRef_NaiveRCFast(address_t incObj, address_t decObj)

Function:

Increments RC for the object to which incObj points and decrements RC for the object to which decObj points.

Input parameter:

incObj: address of the object whose RC needs increment

incObj: address of the object whose RC needs decrement

Return value:

None

void MCC_IncDecRefReset(address_t incObj, address_t *decAddr)

Function:

Increments RC for the object to which incObj points, decrements RC for the local variable object stored on the stack address pointer decAddr, and clears the memory to which the stack address pointer decAddr points.

Input parameter:

incObj: heap object whose RC needs increment

decAddr: address of the local reference on the stack

Return value:

None

void MCC_DecRefResetPair(address_t *decAddr0, address_t *decAddr1)

Function:

Clears the stack address space to which all parameters point, and decrements RC for the old value of the local variable.

Input parameter:

decAddr0 and decAddr1: addresses of the local reference on the stack

Return value:

None

void MCC_SetObjectPermanent(address_t obj)

Function:

Sets a heap object to be permanently valid. After being invoked, RC for the object reaches the maximum value.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the heap object

Return value:

None

address_t MCC_LoadVolatileStaticField(address_t *fieldAddr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the volatile static variable and increments RC for the fetched heap object.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the volatile static variable

Return value:

Returns the value of the volatile static variable.

address_t MCC_LoadRefStatic(address_t *fieldAddr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the static variable and increments RC for the fetched heap object.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the static variable

Return value

Returns the value of the static variable.

address_t MCC_LoadVolatileWeakField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the volatile variable marked by the weak annotation. If a non-null heap object is obtained, RC for the object will be incremented.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the heap object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable marked as weak

Return value:

Returns the value of the volatile variable marked as weak. A null object pointer may be returned.

address_t MCC_LoadWeakField(address_t obj, address_t *field_addr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the variable marked by the weak annotation. If a non-null heap object is obtained, RC for the object will be incremented.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the heap object

fieldAddr: address of the variable marked as weak

Return value:

Returns the value of the variable marked as weak. A null object pointer may be returned.

address_t MCC_LoadRefField_NaiveRCFast(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the fieldAddr variable, and increments RC for the obtained heap object.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the heap object

fieldAddr: address of the variable

Return value:

Returns the value of the variable.

address_t MCC_LoadVolatileField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr)

Function:

Obtains the value of the volatile variable, and increments RC for the fetched heap object.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the heap object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable

Return value:

Returns the value of the volatile variable.

void MCC_WriteReferent(address_t obj, address_t value)

Function:

Store an object to the referent field of a java.lang.ref.Reference object. If a non-null heap object is obtained, RC for the object is incremented.

Input parameter:

obj: address of java.lang.ref.Reference

value: address of the heap object

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileStaticFieldNoInc(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile static variable. This does not change RC for the heap object, but decrements RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the volatile static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileStaticFieldNoDec(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile static variable. This increments RC for the heap object, but does not decrement RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the volatile static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileStaticFieldNoRC(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile static variable. This does not change RC for the new value (value) or the old value (value of fieldAddr).

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the volatile static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileStaticField(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile static variable. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the volatile static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldStaticNoInc(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the static variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object, but decrements RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldStaticNoDec(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the static variable. This increments RC for the heap object, but does not decrement RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldStaticNoRC(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the static variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object or decrement RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldStatic(address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the static variable. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the static variable.

Input parameter:

fieldAddr: address of the static variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileFieldNoInc(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object, but decrements RC for the old value of the volatile variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileFieldNoDec(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile variable. This increments RC for the heap object, but does not decrement RC for the old value of the volatile variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileFieldNoRC(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object or decrement RC for the old value of the volatile variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile variable. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the volatile variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the volatile variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldNoInc(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object, but decrements RC for the old value of the variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldNoDec(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the variable. This increments RC for the heap object, but does not decrement RC for the old value of the variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefFieldNoRC(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the variable. This does not increment RC for the heap object or decrement RC for the old value of the variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteRefField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the variable. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: address of the variable

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteVolatileWeakField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the volatile variable marked by Weak annotation. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the volatile variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: field of the volatile variable marked by the weak annotation

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

void MCC_WriteWeakField(address_t obj, address_t *fieldAddr, address_t value)

Function:

Writes a heap object to the variable marked by the weak annotation. This increments RC for the heap object, and decrements RC for the old value of the variable.

Input parameter:

obj: address of the object

fieldAddr: field of the variable which marked by weak annotation

value: address of the heap object to be written

Return value:

None

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