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/*
Copyright 2014 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
*/
package yaml
import (
"bufio"
"bytes"
"encoding/json"
"fmt"
"io"
"io/ioutil"
"strings"
"unicode"
"k8s.io/klog"
"sigs.k8s.io/yaml"
)
// ToJSON converts a single YAML document into a JSON document
// or returns an error. If the document appears to be JSON the
// YAML decoding path is not used (so that error messages are
// JSON specific).
func ToJSON(data []byte) ([]byte, error) {
if hasJSONPrefix(data) {
return data, nil
}
return yaml.YAMLToJSON(data)
}
// YAMLToJSONDecoder decodes YAML documents from an io.Reader by
// separating individual documents. It first converts the YAML
// body to JSON, then unmarshals the JSON.
type YAMLToJSONDecoder struct {
reader Reader
}
// NewYAMLToJSONDecoder decodes YAML documents from the provided
// stream in chunks by converting each document (as defined by
// the YAML spec) into its own chunk, converting it to JSON via
// yaml.YAMLToJSON, and then passing it to json.Decoder.
func NewYAMLToJSONDecoder(r io.Reader) *YAMLToJSONDecoder {
reader := bufio.NewReader(r)
return &YAMLToJSONDecoder{
reader: NewYAMLReader(reader),
}
}
// Decode reads a YAML document as JSON from the stream or returns
// an error. The decoding rules match json.Unmarshal, not
// yaml.Unmarshal.
func (d *YAMLToJSONDecoder) Decode(into interface{}) error {
bytes, err := d.reader.Read()
if err != nil && err != io.EOF {
return err
}
if len(bytes) != 0 {
err := yaml.Unmarshal(bytes, into)
if err != nil {
return YAMLSyntaxError{err}
}
}
return err
}
// YAMLDecoder reads chunks of objects and returns ErrShortBuffer if
// the data is not sufficient.
type YAMLDecoder struct {
r io.ReadCloser
scanner *bufio.Scanner
remaining []byte
}
// NewDocumentDecoder decodes YAML documents from the provided
// stream in chunks by converting each document (as defined by
// the YAML spec) into its own chunk. io.ErrShortBuffer will be
// returned if the entire buffer could not be read to assist
// the caller in framing the chunk.
func NewDocumentDecoder(r io.ReadCloser) io.ReadCloser {
scanner := bufio.NewScanner(r)
scanner.Split(splitYAMLDocument)
return &YAMLDecoder{
r: r,
scanner: scanner,
}
}
// Read reads the previous slice into the buffer, or attempts to read
// the next chunk.
// TODO: switch to readline approach.
func (d *YAMLDecoder) Read(data []byte) (n int, err error) {
left := len(d.remaining)
if left == 0 {
// return the next chunk from the stream
if !d.scanner.Scan() {
err := d.scanner.Err()
if err == nil {
err = io.EOF
}
return 0, err
}
out := d.scanner.Bytes()
d.remaining = out
left = len(out)
}
// fits within data
if left <= len(data) {
copy(data, d.remaining)
d.remaining = nil
return left, nil
}
// caller will need to reread
copy(data, d.remaining[:len(data)])
d.remaining = d.remaining[len(data):]
return len(data), io.ErrShortBuffer
}
func (d *YAMLDecoder) Close() error {
return d.r.Close()
}
const yamlSeparator = "\n---"
const separator = "---"
// splitYAMLDocument is a bufio.SplitFunc for splitting YAML streams into individual documents.
func splitYAMLDocument(data []byte, atEOF bool) (advance int, token []byte, err error) {
if atEOF && len(data) == 0 {
return 0, nil, nil
}
sep := len([]byte(yamlSeparator))
if i := bytes.Index(data, []byte(yamlSeparator)); i >= 0 {
// We have a potential document terminator
i += sep
after := data[i:]
if len(after) == 0 {
// we can't read any more characters
if atEOF {
return len(data), data[:len(data)-sep], nil
}
return 0, nil, nil
}
if j := bytes.IndexByte(after, '\n'); j >= 0 {
return i + j + 1, data[0 : i-sep], nil
}
return 0, nil, nil
}
// If we're at EOF, we have a final, non-terminated line. Return it.
if atEOF {
return len(data), data, nil
}
// Request more data.
return 0, nil, nil
}
// decoder is a convenience interface for Decode.
type decoder interface {
Decode(into interface{}) error
}
// YAMLOrJSONDecoder attempts to decode a stream of JSON documents or
// YAML documents by sniffing for a leading { character.
type YAMLOrJSONDecoder struct {
r io.Reader
bufferSize int
decoder decoder
rawData []byte
}
type JSONSyntaxError struct {
Line int
Err error
}
func (e JSONSyntaxError) Error() string {
return fmt.Sprintf("json: line %d: %s", e.Line, e.Err.Error())
}
type YAMLSyntaxError struct {
err error
}
func (e YAMLSyntaxError) Error() string {
return e.err.Error()
}
// NewYAMLOrJSONDecoder returns a decoder that will process YAML documents
// or JSON documents from the given reader as a stream. bufferSize determines
// how far into the stream the decoder will look to figure out whether this
// is a JSON stream (has whitespace followed by an open brace).
func NewYAMLOrJSONDecoder(r io.Reader, bufferSize int) *YAMLOrJSONDecoder {
return &YAMLOrJSONDecoder{
r: r,
bufferSize: bufferSize,
}
}
// Decode unmarshals the next object from the underlying stream into the
// provide object, or returns an error.
func (d *YAMLOrJSONDecoder) Decode(into interface{}) error {
if d.decoder == nil {
buffer, origData, isJSON := GuessJSONStream(d.r, d.bufferSize)
if isJSON {
d.decoder = json.NewDecoder(buffer)
d.rawData = origData
} else {
d.decoder = NewYAMLToJSONDecoder(buffer)
}
}
err := d.decoder.Decode(into)
if jsonDecoder, ok := d.decoder.(*json.Decoder); ok {
if syntax, ok := err.(*json.SyntaxError); ok {
data, readErr := ioutil.ReadAll(jsonDecoder.Buffered())
if readErr != nil {
klog.V(4).Infof("reading stream failed: %v", readErr)
}
js := string(data)
// if contents from io.Reader are not complete,
// use the original raw data to prevent panic
if int64(len(js)) <= syntax.Offset {
js = string(d.rawData)
}
start := strings.LastIndex(js[:syntax.Offset], "\n") + 1
line := strings.Count(js[:start], "\n")
return JSONSyntaxError{
Line: line,
Err: fmt.Errorf(syntax.Error()),
}
}
}
return err
}
type Reader interface {
Read() ([]byte, error)
}
type YAMLReader struct {
reader Reader
}
func NewYAMLReader(r *bufio.Reader) *YAMLReader {
return &YAMLReader{
reader: &LineReader{reader: r},
}
}
// Read returns a full YAML document.
func (r *YAMLReader) Read() ([]byte, error) {
var buffer bytes.Buffer
for {
line, err := r.reader.Read()
if err != nil && err != io.EOF {
return nil, err
}
sep := len([]byte(separator))
if i := bytes.Index(line, []byte(separator)); i == 0 {
// We have a potential document terminator
i += sep
after := line[i:]
if len(strings.TrimRightFunc(string(after), unicode.IsSpace)) == 0 {
if buffer.Len() != 0 {
return buffer.Bytes(), nil
}
if err == io.EOF {
return nil, err
}
}
}
if err == io.EOF {
if buffer.Len() != 0 {
// If we're at EOF, we have a final, non-terminated line. Return it.
return buffer.Bytes(), nil
}
return nil, err
}
buffer.Write(line)
}
}
type LineReader struct {
reader *bufio.Reader
}
// Read returns a single line (with '\n' ended) from the underlying reader.
// An error is returned iff there is an error with the underlying reader.
func (r *LineReader) Read() ([]byte, error) {
var (
isPrefix bool = true
err error = nil
line []byte
buffer bytes.Buffer
)
for isPrefix && err == nil {
line, isPrefix, err = r.reader.ReadLine()
buffer.Write(line)
}
buffer.WriteByte('\n')
return buffer.Bytes(), err
}
// GuessJSONStream scans the provided reader up to size, looking
// for an open brace indicating this is JSON. It will return the
// bufio.Reader it creates for the consumer.
func GuessJSONStream(r io.Reader, size int) (io.Reader, []byte, bool) {
buffer := bufio.NewReaderSize(r, size)
b, _ := buffer.Peek(size)
return buffer, b, hasJSONPrefix(b)
}
var jsonPrefix = []byte("{")
// hasJSONPrefix returns true if the provided buffer appears to start with
// a JSON open brace.
func hasJSONPrefix(buf []byte) bool {
return hasPrefix(buf, jsonPrefix)
}
// Return true if the first non-whitespace bytes in buf is
// prefix.
func hasPrefix(buf []byte, prefix []byte) bool {
trim := bytes.TrimLeftFunc(buf, unicode.IsSpace)
return bytes.HasPrefix(trim, prefix)
}

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