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authorization.go 6.78 KB
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Davanum Srinivas authored 2018-11-09 13:49 . Move from glog to klog
Copyright 2016 The Kubernetes Authors.
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
package options
import (
// DelegatingAuthorizationOptions provides an easy way for composing API servers to delegate their authorization to
// the root kube API server.
// WARNING: never assume that every authenticated incoming request already does authorization.
// The aggregator in the kube API server does this today, but this behaviour is not
// guaranteed in the future.
type DelegatingAuthorizationOptions struct {
// RemoteKubeConfigFile is the file to use to connect to a "normal" kube API server which hosts the
// SubjectAccessReview.authorization.k8s.io endpoint for checking tokens.
RemoteKubeConfigFile string
// RemoteKubeConfigFileOptional is specifying whether not specifying the kubeconfig or
// a missing in-cluster config will be fatal.
RemoteKubeConfigFileOptional bool
// AllowCacheTTL is the length of time that a successful authorization response will be cached
AllowCacheTTL time.Duration
// DenyCacheTTL is the length of time that an unsuccessful authorization response will be cached.
// You generally want more responsive, "deny, try again" flows.
DenyCacheTTL time.Duration
// AlwaysAllowPaths are HTTP paths which are excluded from authorization. They can be plain
// paths or end in * in which case prefix-match is applied. A leading / is optional.
AlwaysAllowPaths []string
// AlwaysAllowGroups are groups which are allowed to take any actions. In kube, this is system:masters.
AlwaysAllowGroups []string
func NewDelegatingAuthorizationOptions() *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions {
return &DelegatingAuthorizationOptions{
// very low for responsiveness, but high enough to handle storms
AllowCacheTTL: 10 * time.Second,
DenyCacheTTL: 10 * time.Second,
// WithAlwaysAllowGroups appends the list of paths to AlwaysAllowGroups
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) WithAlwaysAllowGroups(groups ...string) *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions {
s.AlwaysAllowGroups = append(s.AlwaysAllowGroups, groups...)
return s
// WithAlwaysAllowPaths appends the list of paths to AlwaysAllowPaths
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) WithAlwaysAllowPaths(paths ...string) *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions {
s.AlwaysAllowPaths = append(s.AlwaysAllowPaths, paths...)
return s
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) Validate() []error {
allErrors := []error{}
return allErrors
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) AddFlags(fs *pflag.FlagSet) {
if s == nil {
var optionalKubeConfigSentence string
if s.RemoteKubeConfigFileOptional {
optionalKubeConfigSentence = " This is optional. If empty, all requests not skipped by authorization are forbidden."
fs.StringVar(&s.RemoteKubeConfigFile, "authorization-kubeconfig", s.RemoteKubeConfigFile,
"kubeconfig file pointing at the 'core' kubernetes server with enough rights to create "+
fs.DurationVar(&s.AllowCacheTTL, "authorization-webhook-cache-authorized-ttl",
"The duration to cache 'authorized' responses from the webhook authorizer.")
"authorization-webhook-cache-unauthorized-ttl", s.DenyCacheTTL,
"The duration to cache 'unauthorized' responses from the webhook authorizer.")
fs.StringSliceVar(&s.AlwaysAllowPaths, "authorization-always-allow-paths", s.AlwaysAllowPaths,
"A list of HTTP paths to skip during authorization, i.e. these are authorized without "+
"contacting the 'core' kubernetes server.")
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) ApplyTo(c *server.AuthorizationInfo) error {
if s == nil {
c.Authorizer = authorizerfactory.NewAlwaysAllowAuthorizer()
return nil
client, err := s.getClient()
if err != nil {
return err
c.Authorizer, err = s.toAuthorizer(client)
return err
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) toAuthorizer(client kubernetes.Interface) (authorizer.Authorizer, error) {
var authorizers []authorizer.Authorizer
if len(s.AlwaysAllowGroups) > 0 {
authorizers = append(authorizers, authorizerfactory.NewPrivilegedGroups(s.AlwaysAllowGroups...))
if len(s.AlwaysAllowPaths) > 0 {
a, err := path.NewAuthorizer(s.AlwaysAllowPaths)
if err != nil {
return nil, err
authorizers = append(authorizers, a)
if client == nil {
klog.Warningf("No authorization-kubeconfig provided, so SubjectAccessReview of authorization tokens won't work.")
} else {
cfg := authorizerfactory.DelegatingAuthorizerConfig{
SubjectAccessReviewClient: client.AuthorizationV1beta1().SubjectAccessReviews(),
AllowCacheTTL: s.AllowCacheTTL,
DenyCacheTTL: s.DenyCacheTTL,
delegatedAuthorizer, err := cfg.New()
if err != nil {
return nil, err
authorizers = append(authorizers, delegatedAuthorizer)
return union.New(authorizers...), nil
func (s *DelegatingAuthorizationOptions) getClient() (kubernetes.Interface, error) {
var clientConfig *rest.Config
var err error
if len(s.RemoteKubeConfigFile) > 0 {
loadingRules := &clientcmd.ClientConfigLoadingRules{ExplicitPath: s.RemoteKubeConfigFile}
loader := clientcmd.NewNonInteractiveDeferredLoadingClientConfig(loadingRules, &clientcmd.ConfigOverrides{})
clientConfig, err = loader.ClientConfig()
} else {
// without the remote kubeconfig file, try to use the in-cluster config. Most addon API servers will
// use this path. If it is optional, ignore errors.
clientConfig, err = rest.InClusterConfig()
if err != nil && s.RemoteKubeConfigFileOptional {
if err != rest.ErrNotInCluster {
klog.Warningf("failed to read in-cluster kubeconfig for delegated authorization: %v", err)
return nil, nil
if err != nil {
return nil, fmt.Errorf("failed to get delegated authorization kubeconfig: %v", err)
// set high qps/burst limits since this will effectively limit API server responsiveness
clientConfig.QPS = 200
clientConfig.Burst = 400
return kubernetes.NewForConfig(clientConfig)

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