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冯一航 authored 2022-04-29 17:34 . test

Installing MindSpore in GPU by pip

This document describes how to quickly install MindSpore by pip in a Linux system with a GPU environment. The following takes Ubuntu 18.04 as an example to describe how to install MindSpore.

  • If you want to install MindSpore by pip on a fresh Ubuntu 18.04 with a GPU environment, you may use automatic installation script for one-click installation, see Automatic Installation section. The automatic installation script will install MindSpore and its dependencies.

  • If some dependencies, such as CUDA, Python and GCC, have been installed in your system, it is recommended to install manually by referring to the installation steps in the Manual Installation section.

Automatic Installation

Before using the automatic installation script, you need to make sure that the NVIDIA GPU driver is correctly installed on the system. The minimum required GPU driver version of CUDA 10.1 is 418.39. The minimum required GPU driver version of CUDA 11.1 is 450.80.02. Execute the following command to check the driver version.


If the GPU driver is not installed, run the following command to install it.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-drivers-common
sudo ubuntu-drivers autoinstall

After the installation is complete, please reboot your system.

The root permission is required because the automatic installation script needs to change the software source configuration and install dependencies via APT. Run the following command to obtain and run the automatic installation script. The automatic installation script only supports the installation of MindSpore>=1.6.0.

wget https://gitee.com/mindspore/mindspore/raw/master/scripts/install/ubuntu-gpu-pip.sh
# install MindSpore 1.7.0, Python 3.7 and CUDA 11.1
MINDSPORE_VERSION=1.7.0 bash -i ./ubuntu-gpu-pip.sh
# to specify Python and MindSpore version, taking Python 3.9 and MindSpore 1.6.0 as examples, use the following manners
# PYTHON_VERSION=3.9 CUDA_VERSION=10.1 MINDSPORE_VERSION=1.6.0 bash -i ./ubuntu-gpu-pip.sh

This script performs the following operations:

  • Change the software source configuration to a HUAWEI CLOUD source.
  • Install the dependencies required by MindSpore, such as GCC and gmp.
  • Install Python3 and pip3 via APT and set them as default.
  • Download and install CUDA and cuDNN.
  • Install MindSpore GPU by pip.
  • Install Open MPI if OPENMPI is set to on.

After the automatic installation script is executed, you need to reopen the terminal window to make the environment variables take effect.

For more usage, see the script header description.

Manual Installation

The following table lists the system environment and third-party dependencies required to install MindSpore.

software version description
Ubuntu 18.04 OS for compiling and running MindSpore
CUDA 10.1 or 11.1 parallel computing architecture for MindSpore GPU
cuDNN 7.6.x or 8.0.x deep neural network acceleration library used by MindSpore GPU
Python 3.7-3.9 Python environment that MindSpore depends on
GCC 7.3.0~9.4.0 C++ compiler for compiling MindSpore
gmp 6.1.2 multiple precision arithmetic library used by MindSpore
Open MPI 4.0.3 high performance message passing library used by MindSpore (optional, required for single-node/multi-GPU and multi-node/multi-GPU training)
TensorRT 7.2.2 high performance deep learning inference SDK used by MindSpore (optional, required for serving inference)

The following describes how to install the third-party dependencies.

Installing CUDA

MindSpore GPU supports CUDA 10.1 and CUDA 11.1. NVIDIA officially shows a variety of installation methods. For details, please refer to CUDA download page and CUDA installation guide. The following only shows instructions for installing by runfile on Linux systems.

Before installing CUDA, you need to run the following commands to install related dependencies.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) gcc-7

The minimum required GPU driver version of CUDA 10.1 is 418.39. The minimum required GPU driver version of CUDA 11.1 is 450.80.02. You may run nvidia-smi command to confirm the GPU driver version. If the driver version does not meet the requirements, you should choose to install the driver during the CUDA installation. After installing the driver, you need to reboot your system.

Run the following command to install CUDA 11.1 (recommended).

wget https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/11.1.1/local_installers/cuda_11.1.1_455.32.00_linux.run
sudo sh cuda_11.1.1_455.32.00_linux.run
echo -e "export PATH=/usr/local/cuda-11.1/bin:\$PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
echo -e "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/cuda-11.1/lib64:\$LD_LIBRARY_PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

Or install CUDA 10.1 with the following command.

wget https://developer.download.nvidia.com/compute/cuda/10.1/Prod/local_installers/cuda_10.1.243_418.87.00_linux.run
sudo sh cuda_10.1.243_418.87.00_linux.run
echo -e "export PATH=/usr/local/cuda-10.1/bin:\$PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
echo -e "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/cuda-10.1/lib64:\$LD_LIBRARY_PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc

Installing cuDNN

After completing the installation of CUDA, Log in and download the corresponding cuDNN installation package from cuDNN page. If CUDA 10.1 was previously installed, download cuDNN v7.6.x for CUDA 10.1. If CUDA 11.1 was previously installed, download cuDNN v8.0.x for CUDA 11.1. Note that download the tgz compressed file. Assuming that the downloaded cuDNN package file is named cudnn.tgz and the installed CUDA version is 11.1, execute the following command to install cuDNN.

tar -zxvf cudnn.tgz
sudo cp cuda/include/cudnn.h /usr/local/cuda-11.1/include
sudo cp cuda/lib64/libcudnn* /usr/local/cuda-11.1/lib64
sudo chmod a+r /usr/local/cuda-11.1/include/cudnn.h /usr/local/cuda-11.1/lib64/libcudnn*

If a different version of CUDA have been installed or the CUDA installation path is different, just replace /usr/local/cuda-11.1 in the above command with the currently installed CUDA path.

Installing Python

Python can be installed in multiple ways.

  • Install Python with Conda.

    Install Miniconda:

    cd /tmp
    curl -O https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/anaconda/miniconda/Miniconda3-py37_4.10.3-Linux-x86_64.sh
    bash Miniconda3-py37_4.10.3-Linux-x86_64.sh -b
    cd -
    . ~/miniconda3/etc/profile.d/conda.sh
    conda init bash

    After the installation is complete, you can set up Tsinghua source acceleration download for Conda, and see here.

    Create a virtual environment, taking Python 3.7.5 as an example:

    conda create -n mindspore_py37 python=3.7.5 -y
    conda activate mindspore_py37
  • Or install Python via APT with the following command.

    sudo apt-get update
    sudo apt-get install software-properties-common -y
    sudo add-apt-repository ppa:deadsnakes/ppa -y
    sudo apt-get install python3.7 python3.7-dev python3.7-distutils python3-pip -y
    # set new installed Python as default
    sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/python python /usr/bin/python3.7 100
    # install pip
    python -m pip install pip -i https://repo.huaweicloud.com/repository/pypi/simple
    sudo update-alternatives --install /usr/bin/pip pip ~/.local/bin/pip3.7 100
    pip config set global.index-url https://repo.huaweicloud.com/repository/pypi/simple

    To install other Python versions, just change 3.7 in the command.

Run the following command to check the Python version.

python --version

Installing GCC and gmp

Run the following commands to install GCC and gmp.

sudo apt-get install gcc-7 libgmp-dev -y

To install a later version of GCC, run the following command to install GCC 8.

sudo apt-get install gcc-8 -y

Or install GCC 9 (Note that GCC 9 is not compatible with CUDA 10.1).

sudo apt-get install software-properties-common -y
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-toolchain-r/test
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install gcc-9 -y

Installing Open MPI-optional

You may compile and install Open MPI by the following command.

curl -O https://download.open-mpi.org/release/open-mpi/v4.0/openmpi-4.0.3.tar.gz
tar xzf openmpi-4.0.3.tar.gz
cd openmpi-4.0.3
./configure --prefix=/usr/local/openmpi-4.0.3
sudo make install
echo -e "export PATH=/usr/local/openmpi-4.0.3/bin:\$PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
echo -e "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/openmpi-4.0.3/lib:\$LD_LIBRARY_PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc
cd -

Installing TensorRT-optional

After completing the installation of CUDA and cuDNN, download TensorRT 7.2.2 for CUDA 11.1 from TensorRT download page, and note to download installation package in TAR format. Suppose the downloaded file is named TensorRT-, install TensorRT with the following command.

tar xzf TensorRT-
cd TensorRT-
echo -e "export TENSORRT_HOME=$PWD" >> ~/.bashrc
echo -e "export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=\$TENSORRT_HOME/lib:\$LD_LIBRARY_PATH" >> ~/.bashrc
source ~/.bashrc
cd -

Installing MindSpore

First, refer to Version List to select the version of MindSpore you want to install, and perform SHA-256 integrity check. Taking version 1.7.0 as an example, execute the following commands.

export MS_VERSION=1.7.0

Then install the latest version of MindSpore according to the CUDA version and Python version by following the following command.

# CUDA10.1 + Python3.7
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-10.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp37-cp37m-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple
# CUDA10.1 + Python3.8
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-10.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp38-cp38-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple
# CUDA10.1 + Python3.9
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-10.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp39-cp39-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple
# CUDA11.1 + Python3.7
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-11.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp37-cp37m-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple
# CUDA11.1 + Python3.8
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-11.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp38-cp38-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple
# CUDA11.1 + Python3.9
pip install https://ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com/${MS_VERSION}/MindSpore/gpu/x86_64/cuda-11.1/mindspore_gpu-${MS_VERSION/-/}-cp39-cp39-linux_x86_64.whl --trusted-host ms-release.obs.cn-north-4.myhuaweicloud.com -i https://pypi.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/simple

When the network is connected, dependency items are automatically downloaded during MindSpore installation. (For details about the dependency, see required_package in setup.py .) In other cases, you need to install it by yourself. When running models, you need to install additional dependencies based on requirements.txt specified for different models in ModelZoo. For details about common dependencies, see requirements.txt.

Installation Verification

Before running MindSpore GPU version, please make sure that installation path of nvcc has been added to PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variabels. If you have not done so, please follow the example below, based on CUDA11 installed in default location:

export PATH=/usr/local/cuda-11.1/bin:$PATH
export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/cuda-11.1/lib64:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

If a different version of CUDA have been installed or the CUDA installation path is different, replace /usr/local/cuda-11.1 in the above command with the currently installed CUDA path.


python -c "import mindspore;mindspore.run_check()"

The outputs should be the same as:

MindSpore version: __version__
The result of multiplication calculation is correct, MindSpore has been installed successfully!

It means MindSpore has been installed successfully.


import numpy as np
from mindspore import Tensor
import mindspore.ops as ops
from mindspore import set_context

x = Tensor(np.ones([1,3,3,4]).astype(np.float32))
y = Tensor(np.ones([1,3,3,4]).astype(np.float32))
print(ops.add(x, y))

The outputs should be the same as:

[[[[2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]]

  [[2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]]

  [[2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]
   [2. 2. 2. 2.]]]]

It means MindSpore has been installed successfully.

Version Update

Use the following command if you need to update the MindSpore version:

pip install --upgrade mindspore-gpu=={version}

Of which,

  • When updating to a release candidate (rc) version, {version} should be specified manually, e.g. 1.6.0rc1; When updating to a standard release, =={version} could be removed.

Note: MindSpore with CUDA11 is selected by default when upgrading version 1.3.0 and above. If you still want to use MindSpore with CUDA10, please select the corresponding wheel installation package.