2.4K Star 8.1K Fork 4.4K

GVPMindSpore / mindspore

Create your Gitee Account
Explore and code with more than 12 million developers,Free private repositories !:)
Sign up
Clone or Download
tensor.py 95.93 KB
Copy Edit Raw Blame History
123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930313233343536373839404142434445464748495051525354555657585960616263646566676869707172737475767778798081828384858687888990919293949596979899100101102103104105106107108109110111112113114115116117118119120121122123124125126127128129130131132133134135136137138139140141142143144145146147148149150151152153154155156157158159160161162163164165166167168169170171172173174175176177178179180181182183184185186187188189190191192193194195196197198199200201202203204205206207208209210211212213214215216217218219220221222223224225226227228229230231232233234235236237238239240241242243244245246247248249250251252253254255256257258259260261262263264265266267268269270271272273274275276277278279280281282283284285286287288289290291292293294295296297298299300301302303304305306307308309310311312313314315316317318319320321322323324325326327328329330331332333334335336337338339340341342343344345346347348349350351352353354355356357358359360361362363364365366367368369370371372373374375376377378379380381382383384385386387388389390391392393394395396397398399400401402403404405406407408409410411412413414415416417418419420421422423424425426427428429430431432433434435436437438439440441442443444445446447448449450451452453454455456457458459460461462463464465466467468469470471472473474475476477478479480481482483484485486487488489490491492493494495496497498499500501502503504505506507508509510511512513514515516517518519520521522523524525526527528529530531532533534535536537538539540541542543544545546547548549550551552553554555556557558559560561562563564565566567568569570571572573574575576577578579580581582583584585586587588589590591592593594595596597598599600601602603604605606607608609610611612613614615616617618619620621622623624625626627628629630631632633634635636637638639640641642643644645646647648649650651652653654655656657658659660661662663664665666667668669670671672673674675676677678679680681682683684685686687688689690691692693694695696697698699700701702703704705706707708709710711712713714715716717718719720721722723724725726727728729730731732733734735736737738739740741742743744745746747748749750751752753754755756757758759760761762763764765766767768769770771772773774775776777778779780781782783784785786787788789790791792793794795796797798799800801802803804805806807808809810811812813814815816817818819820821822823824825826827828829830831832833834835836837838839840841842843844845846847848849850851852853854855856857858859860861862863864865866867868869870871872873874875876877878879880881882883884885886887888889890891892893894895896897898899900901902903904905906907908909910911912913914915916917918919920921922923924925926927928929930931932933934935936937938939940941942943944945946947948949950951952953954955956957958959960961962963964965966967968969970971972973974975976977978979980981982983984985986987988989990991992993994995996997998999100010011002100310041005100610071008100910101011101210131014101510161017101810191020102110221023102410251026102710281029103010311032103310341035103610371038103910401041104210431044104510461047104810491050105110521053105410551056105710581059106010611062106310641065106610671068106910701071107210731074107510761077107810791080108110821083108410851086108710881089109010911092109310941095109610971098109911001101110211031104110511061107110811091110111111121113111411151116111711181119112011211122112311241125112611271128112911301131113211331134113511361137113811391140114111421143114411451146114711481149115011511152115311541155115611571158115911601161116211631164116511661167116811691170117111721173117411751176117711781179118011811182118311841185118611871188118911901191119211931194119511961197119811991200120112021203120412051206120712081209121012111212121312141215121612171218121912201221122212231224122512261227122812291230123112321233123412351236123712381239124012411242124312441245124612471248124912501251125212531254125512561257125812591260126112621263126412651266126712681269127012711272127312741275127612771278127912801281128212831284128512861287128812891290129112921293129412951296129712981299130013011302130313041305130613071308130913101311131213131314131513161317131813191320132113221323132413251326132713281329133013311332133313341335133613371338133913401341134213431344134513461347134813491350135113521353135413551356135713581359136013611362136313641365136613671368136913701371137213731374137513761377137813791380138113821383138413851386138713881389139013911392139313941395139613971398139914001401140214031404140514061407140814091410141114121413141414151416141714181419142014211422142314241425142614271428142914301431143214331434143514361437143814391440144114421443144414451446144714481449145014511452145314541455145614571458145914601461146214631464146514661467146814691470147114721473147414751476147714781479148014811482148314841485148614871488148914901491149214931494149514961497149814991500150115021503150415051506150715081509151015111512151315141515151615171518151915201521152215231524152515261527152815291530153115321533153415351536153715381539154015411542154315441545154615471548154915501551155215531554155515561557155815591560156115621563156415651566156715681569157015711572157315741575157615771578157915801581158215831584158515861587158815891590159115921593159415951596159715981599160016011602160316041605160616071608160916101611161216131614161516161617161816191620162116221623162416251626162716281629163016311632163316341635163616371638163916401641164216431644164516461647164816491650165116521653165416551656165716581659166016611662166316641665166616671668166916701671167216731674167516761677167816791680168116821683168416851686168716881689169016911692169316941695169616971698169917001701170217031704170517061707170817091710171117121713171417151716171717181719172017211722172317241725172617271728172917301731173217331734173517361737173817391740174117421743174417451746174717481749175017511752175317541755175617571758175917601761176217631764176517661767176817691770177117721773177417751776177717781779178017811782178317841785178617871788178917901791179217931794179517961797179817991800180118021803180418051806180718081809181018111812181318141815181618171818181918201821182218231824182518261827182818291830183118321833183418351836183718381839184018411842184318441845184618471848184918501851185218531854185518561857185818591860186118621863186418651866186718681869187018711872187318741875187618771878187918801881188218831884188518861887188818891890189118921893189418951896189718981899190019011902190319041905190619071908190919101911191219131914191519161917191819191920192119221923192419251926192719281929193019311932193319341935193619371938193919401941194219431944194519461947194819491950195119521953195419551956195719581959196019611962196319641965196619671968196919701971197219731974197519761977197819791980198119821983198419851986198719881989199019911992199319941995199619971998199920002001200220032004200520062007200820092010201120122013201420152016201720182019202020212022202320242025202620272028202920302031203220332034203520362037203820392040204120422043204420452046204720482049205020512052205320542055205620572058205920602061206220632064206520662067206820692070207120722073207420752076207720782079208020812082208320842085208620872088208920902091209220932094209520962097209820992100210121022103210421052106210721082109211021112112211321142115211621172118211921202121212221232124212521262127212821292130213121322133213421352136213721382139214021412142214321442145214621472148214921502151215221532154215521562157215821592160216121622163216421652166216721682169217021712172217321742175217621772178217921802181218221832184218521862187218821892190219121922193219421952196219721982199220022012202220322042205220622072208220922102211221222132214221522162217221822192220222122222223222422252226222722282229223022312232223322342235223622372238223922402241224222432244224522462247224822492250225122522253225422552256225722582259226022612262226322642265226622672268226922702271227222732274227522762277227822792280228122822283228422852286228722882289229022912292229322942295229622972298229923002301230223032304230523062307230823092310231123122313231423152316231723182319232023212322232323242325232623272328232923302331233223332334233523362337233823392340234123422343234423452346234723482349235023512352235323542355235623572358235923602361236223632364236523662367236823692370237123722373237423752376237723782379238023812382238323842385238623872388238923902391239223932394239523962397239823992400240124022403240424052406240724082409241024112412241324142415241624172418241924202421242224232424242524262427242824292430243124322433243424352436243724382439244024412442244324442445244624472448244924502451245224532454245524562457245824592460246124622463246424652466246724682469247024712472247324742475247624772478247924802481248224832484248524862487248824892490249124922493249424952496249724982499250025012502250325042505250625072508250925102511251225132514251525162517251825192520252125222523252425252526252725282529253025312532
# Copyright 2020-2021 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
# http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
# ============================================================================
"""Tensor implementation."""
import numbers
import numpy as np
from mindspore import log as logger
from mindspore.communication.management import get_rank, get_group_size
from . import dtype as mstype
from ._register_for_tensor import tensor_operator_registry
from .._c_expression import Tensor as Tensor_
from .._c_expression import CSRTensor as CSRTensor_
from .._c_expression import PynativeExecutor_
from .._checkparam import Validator as validator
from .._checkparam import Rel
__all__ = ['Tensor', 'RowTensor', 'SparseTensor', 'CSRTensor']
np_types = (np.int8, np.int16, np.int32, np.int64,
np.uint8, np.uint16, np.uint32, np.uint64, np.float16,
np.float32, np.float64, np.bool_, np.complex64, np.complex128)
class Tensor(Tensor_):
"""
Tensor is a data structure that stores an n-dimensional array.
Args:
input_data (Union[Tensor, float, int, bool, tuple, list, numpy.ndarray]): The data to be stored. It can be
another Tensor, Python number or NumPy ndarray. Default: None.
dtype (:class:`mindspore.dtype`): Used to indicate the data type of the output Tensor. The argument should
be defined in `mindspore.dtype`. If it is None, the data type of the output Tensor will be the same
as the `input_data`. Default: None.
shape (Union[tuple, list, int]): Used to indicate the shape of the output Tensor. The argument should be
a list of integers, a tuple of integers or an integer. If `input_data` is available,
`shape` doesn't need to be set. Default: None.
init (Initializer): The information of init data.
'init' is used for delayed initialization in parallel mode. Usually, it is not recommended to use
'init' interface to initialize Tensor in the other conditions. If 'init' interface is used to initialize
Tensor, the `Tensor.init_data` API needs to be called to convert `Tensor` to the actual data.
Default: None.
Outputs:
Tensor.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> from mindspore.common.initializer import One
>>> # initialize a tensor with numpy.ndarray
>>> t1 = Tensor(np.zeros([1, 2, 3]), ms.float32)
>>> print(t1)
[[[0. 0. 0.]
[0. 0. 0.]]]
>>> print(type(t1))
<class 'mindspore.common.tensor.Tensor'>
>>> print(t1.shape)
(1, 2, 3)
>>> print(t1.dtype)
Float32
>>>
>>> # initialize a tensor with a float scalar
>>> t2 = Tensor(0.1)
>>> print(t2)
0.1
>>> print(type(t2))
<class 'mindspore.common.tensor.Tensor'>
>>> print(t2.shape)
()
>>> print(t2.dtype)
Float32
>>>
>>> # initialize a tensor with a tuple
>>> t3 = Tensor((1, 2))
>>> print(t3)
[1 2]
>>> print(type(t3))
<class 'mindspore.common.tensor.Tensor'>
>>> print(t3.shape)
(2,)
>>> print(t3.dtype)
Int64
...
>>> # initialize a tensor with init
>>> t4 = Tensor(shape = (1, 3), dtype=ms.float32, init=One())
>>> print(t4)
[[1. 1. 1.]]
>>> print(type(t4))
<class 'mindspore.common.tensor.Tensor'>
>>> print(t4.shape)
(1, 3)
>>> print(t4.dtype)
Float32
"""
def __init__(self, input_data=None, dtype=None, shape=None, init=None):
self.init_finished = False
# If input data is numpy number, convert it to np array
if isinstance(input_data, np_types):
input_data = np.array(input_data)
if isinstance(shape, numbers.Number):
shape = (shape,)
_check_tensor_input(input_data, dtype, shape, init)
# If input_data is tuple/list/numpy.ndarray, it's support in check_type method.
if init is None:
validator.check_value_type('input_data', input_data,
(Tensor_, np.ndarray, np.str_, list, tuple, float, int, bool, complex), 'Tensor')
valid_dtypes = (np.int8, np.int16, np.int32, np.int64, np.uint8, np.uint16, np.uint32, np.uint64,
np.float16, np.float32, np.float64, np.bool_, np.str_, np.complex64, np.complex128)
if isinstance(input_data, np.ndarray) and input_data.dtype not in valid_dtypes and \
input_data.dtype.kind != 'U': # Support dtype np.str_
raise TypeError(f"For Tensor, the input_data is a numpy array, "
f"but it's data type: {input_data.dtype} is not in supported list: "
f"{list(i.__name__ for i in valid_dtypes)}.")
if isinstance(input_data, (tuple, list)):
if np.array(input_data).dtype not in valid_dtypes:
raise TypeError(f"For Tensor, the input_data is {input_data} that contain unsupported element.")
if dtype is not None:
validator.check_type_name('dtype', dtype, mstype.number_type + (mstype.bool_, mstype.string), "Tensor")
else:
dtype = self._set_default_dtype(input_data, dtype)
if isinstance(input_data, np.ndarray) and (not input_data.flags['FORC']):
input_data = np.ascontiguousarray(input_data)
if dtype is not None:
Tensor_.__init__(self, input_data, dtype)
else:
Tensor_.__init__(self, input_data)
else:
Tensor_.__init__(self, dtype, shape)
self.virtual_flag = False
self.init = init
self.init_finished = True
# if cur Tensor is a index value of another Tensor,
# parent_tensor_ set to another Tensor
# index_of_parent_ will set to the index
self.parent_tensor_ = None
self.index_of_parent_ = None
@staticmethod
def _set_default_dtype(input_data, dtype):
if isinstance(input_data, (float, list, tuple)):
if np.array(input_data).dtype == np.float64:
return mstype.float32
return dtype
def __deepcopy__(self, memodict):
new_obj = Tensor(self)
new_obj.init = self.init
new_obj.virtual_flag = self.virtual_flag
return new_obj
def __repr__(self):
PynativeExecutor_.get_instance().execute_lazy_task()
if self.init_finished:
Tensor_.data_sync(self, False)
return Tensor_.__repr__(self)
return ''
def __eq__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, (int, float, Tensor)):
return False
# bool type is not supported for `Equal` operator in backend.
if self.dtype == mstype.bool_ or (isinstance(other, Tensor) and other.dtype == mstype.bool_):
if isinstance(other, Tensor):
return Tensor(np.array(self.asnumpy() == other.asnumpy()))
return Tensor(np.array(self.asnumpy() == other))
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__eq__')(self, other)
def __ne__(self, other):
if not isinstance(other, (int, float, Tensor)):
return True
# bool type is not supported for `NotEqual` operator in backend.
if self.dtype == mstype.bool_ or (isinstance(other, Tensor) and other.dtype == mstype.bool_):
return Tensor(np.array(self.asnumpy() != other.asnumpy()))
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__ne__')(self, other)
def __hash__(self):
return hash(id(self))
def __neg__(self):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__neg__')(self)
return out
def __invert__(self):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__logical_not__')(self)
return out
def __bool__(self):
data = self.asnumpy()
if data.shape == ():
return bool(data)
if data.shape == (1,):
return bool(data[0])
raise ValueError("The truth value of an array with several elements is ambiguous.")
def __index__(self):
data = self.asnumpy()
if not (data.dtype == "int8"
or data.dtype == "int16"
or data.dtype == "int32"
or data.dtype == "int64"
or data.dtype == "bool"):
raise ValueError("Only integer tensors of a single element can be converted to an index.")
if data.shape == ():
return int(data)
if data.shape == (1,):
return int(data[0])
raise ValueError("Only integer tensors of a single element can be converted to an index.")
def __pos__(self):
return self
def __add__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__add__')(self, other)
def __radd__(self, other):
return self.__add__(other)
def __iadd__(self, other):
return self.__add__(other)
def __sub__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__sub__')(self, other)
def __rsub__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__sub__')(other, self)
def __isub__(self, other):
return self.__sub__(other)
def __mul__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__mul__')(self, other)
def __rmul__(self, other):
return self.__mul__(other)
def __imul__(self, other):
return self.__mul__(other)
def __truediv__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__truediv__')(self, other)
def __rtruediv__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__truediv__')(other, self)
def __mod__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__mod__')(self, other)
def __rmod__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__mod__')(other, self)
def __imod__(self, other):
return self.__mod__(other)
def __pow__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__pow__')(self, other)
def __floordiv__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__floordiv__')(self, other)
def __rfloordiv__(self, other):
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__floordiv__')(other, self)
def __ifloordiv__(self, other):
return self.__floordiv__(other)
def __lt__(self, other):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__lt__')(self, other)
return out
def __le__(self, other):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__le__')(self, other)
return out
def __getitem__(self, index):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__getitem__')(self, index)
if out is not self:
out.parent_tensor_ = self
out.index_of_parent_ = index
return out
def __setitem__(self, index, value):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__setitem__')(self, index, value)
self.assign_value(out)
if self.parent_tensor_ is not None and self.index_of_parent_ is not None:
self.parent_tensor_.__setitem__(self.index_of_parent_, self)
return self
def __gt__(self, other):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__gt__')(self, other)
return out
def __ge__(self, other):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('__ge__')(self, other)
return out
def __len__(self):
out = tensor_operator_registry.get('shape')(self)
if out:
return out[0]
raise TypeError("Not support len of a 0-D tensor")
def __str__(self):
if self.dtype == mstype.type_none:
return "Unknown Tensor type!"
return str(self.asnumpy())
@property
def shape(self):
"""Returns the shape of the tensor as a tuple."""
return self._shape
@property
def dtype(self):
"""Return the dtype of the tensor (:class:`mindspore.dtype`)."""
return self._dtype
@property
def size(self):
"""Returns the total number of elements in tensor."""
return self._size
@property
def ndim(self):
"""Return the number of tensor dimensions."""
return len(self._shape)
@property
def has_init(self):
"""Whether tensor is initialized."""
return self.init is not None
@property
def itemsize(self):
"""Return the length of one tensor element in bytes."""
return self._itemsize
@property
def strides(self):
"""Return the tuple of bytes to step in each dimension when traversing a tensor."""
return self._strides
@property
def nbytes(self):
"""Return the total number of bytes taken by the tensor."""
return self._nbytes
@property
def T(self):
"""Return the transposed tensor."""
return self.transpose()
@staticmethod
def from_numpy(array):
"""
Convert numpy array to Tensor without copy data.
Args:
array (numpy.array): The input array.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same data type as input array.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = np.array([1, 2])
>>> output = Tensor.from_numpy(x)
>>> print(output)
[1 2]
"""
return Tensor(Tensor_.from_numpy(array))
def assign_value(self, value):
PynativeExecutor_.get_instance().execute_lazy_task()
self.assign_value_cpp(value)
return self
def item(self, index=None):
"""
Get the item at the specified index of the tensor.
Note:
Tensor.item returns a Tensor scalar instead of a Python scalar.
Args:
index (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): The index in Tensor. Default: None.
Returns:
A Tensor scalar, dtype is the same with the original Tensor.
Raises:
ValueError: If the length of the `index` is not equal to self.ndim.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]], dtype=np.float32))
>>> x = x.item((0,1))
>>> print(x)
2.0
"""
output = tensor_operator_registry.get('item')(self, index)
return output
def itemset(self, *args):
r"""
Insert scalar into a tensor (scalar is cast to tensor's dtype, if possible).
There must be at least 1 argument, and define the last argument as item.
Then, tensor.itemset(\*args) is equivalent to :math:`tensor[args] = item`.
Args:
args (Union[(numbers.Number), (int/tuple(int), numbers.Number)]): The arguments that
specify the index and value. If `args` contain one argument (a scalar),
it is only used in case tensor is of size 1. If `args` contain two
arguments, the last argument is the value to be set and must be a
scalar, the first argument specifies a single tensor element location.
It is either an int or a tuple.
Returns:
A new tensor that doesn't affect the original tensor, with value set by :math:`tensor[args] = item`.
Raises:
ValueError: If the length of the first argument is not equal to self.ndim.
IndexError: If only one argument is provided, and the original Tensor is not scalar.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([[1,2,3],[4,5,6]], dtype=np.float32))
>>> print(x.itemset((0,1), 4))
[[1. 4. 3.]
[4. 5. 6.]]
>>> print(x)
[[1. 2. 3.]
[4. 5. 6.]]
"""
output = tensor_operator_registry.get('itemset')(self, *args)
return output
def asnumpy(self):
"""
Convert tensor to numpy array. Returns self tensor as a NumPy ndarray. This tensor and the returned ndarray
share the same underlying storage. Changes to self tensor will be reflected in the ndarray.
Returns:
A numpy ndarray which shares the same underlying storage with the tensor.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> import numpy as np
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([1, 2], dtype=np.float32))
>>> y = x.asnumpy()
>>> y[0] = 11
>>> print(x)
[11. 2.]
>>> print(y)
[11. 2.]
"""
self._init_check()
PynativeExecutor_.get_instance().execute_lazy_task()
return Tensor_.asnumpy(self)
def flush_from_cache(self):
"""
Flush cache data to host if tensor is cache enable.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> import numpy as np
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([1, 2], dtype=np.float32))
>>> y = x.flush_from_cache()
>>> print(y)
None
"""
self._init_check()
Tensor_._flush_from_cache(self)
def all(self, axis=(), keep_dims=False):
"""
Check all tensor elements along a given axis evaluate to True.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Dimensions of reduction.
When the axis is None or empty tuple, reduce all dimensions. When the axis is int or
tuple(int), if the dimension of Tensor is dim, the value range is [-dim, dim). Default: ().
keep_dims (bool): Whether to keep the reduced dimensions. Default: False.
Returns:
Tensor, if all tensor elements along the given axis evaluate to True, its value is True,
otherwise its value is False. If the axis is None or empty tuple, reduce all dimensions.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.any`: Check any tensor element along a given axis evaluate to True.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor([True, True, False])
>>> output = a.all()
>>> print(output)
False
"""
self._init_check()
if axis is None:
axis = ()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('all')(keep_dims)(self, axis)
def any(self, axis=(), keep_dims=False):
"""
Check any tensor element along a given axis evaluate to True.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Dimensions of reduction.
When the axis is None or empty tuple, reduce all dimensions. When the axis is int or
tuple(int), if the dimension of Tensor is dim, the value range is [-dim, dim). Default: ().
keep_dims (bool): Whether to keep the reduced dimensions. Default: False.
Returns:
Tensor, if any tensor element along the given axis evaluates to True, its value is True,
otherwise its value is False. If the axis is None or empty tuple, reduce all dimensions.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.all`: Check all tensor elements along a given axis evaluate to True.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor([True, True, False])
>>> output = a.any()
>>> print(output)
True
"""
self._init_check()
if axis is None:
axis = ()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('any')(keep_dims)(self, axis)
def view(self, *shape):
"""
Reshape the tensor according to the input shape.
Args:
shape (Union[tuple(int), int]): Dimension of the output tensor.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same dimension as the input shape.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> import numpy as np
>>> a = Tensor(np.array([[1, 2, 3], [2, 3, 4]], dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = a.view((3, 2))
>>> print(output)
[[1. 2.]
[3. 2.]
[3. 4.]]
"""
self._init_check()
if not shape:
raise ValueError("The shape variable should not be empty")
if isinstance(shape[0], tuple):
if len(shape) != 1:
raise ValueError(f"Only one tuple is needed, but got {shape}")
shape = shape[0]
return tensor_operator_registry.get('reshape')()(self, shape)
def expand_as(self, x):
"""
Expand the dimension of target tensor to the dimension of input tensor.
Args:
x (Tensor): The input tensor. The shape of the input tensor must obey
the broadcasting rule.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same dimension as input tensor.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> from mindspore import dtype as mstype
>>> x = Tensor([1, 2, 3], dtype=mstype.float32)
>>> y = Tensor(np.ones((2, 3)), dtype=mstype.float32)
>>> output = x.expand_as(y)
>>> print(output)
[[1. 2. 3.]
[1. 2. 3.]]
"""
self._init_check()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(x.shape)(self)
def abs(self):
"""
Return absolute value element-wisely.
Returns:
Tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor([1.1, -2.1]).astype("float32")
>>> output = a.abs()
>>> print(output)
[1.1 2.1]
"""
self._init_check()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('abs')()(self)
def mean(self, axis=(), keep_dims=False):
"""
Reduce a dimension of a tensor by averaging all elements in the dimension.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int), list(int)]): Dimensions of reduction.
When the axis is None or empty tuple, reduce all dimensions. When the axis is int, tuple(int) or
list(int), if the dimension of Tensor is dim, the value range is [-dim, dim). Default: ().
keep_dims (bool): Whether to keep the reduced dimensions. Default: False.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same data type as input tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.std`: Compute the standard deviation along the specified axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.var`: Compute the variance along the specified axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> input_x = Tensor(np.array([1, 2, 3], dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = input_x.mean()
>>> print(output)
2.0
"""
self._init_check()
if axis is None:
axis = ()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('mean')(keep_dims)(self, axis)
def transpose(self, *axes):
r"""
Return a tensor with axes transposed.
- For a 1-D tensor, this has no effect, as a transposed vector is simply the same vector.
- For a 2-D tensor, this is a standard matrix transpose.
- For an n-D tensor, if axes are given, their order indicates how the axes are permuted.
If axes are not provided and ``tensor.shape = (i[0], i[1],...i[n-2], i[n-1])``,
then ``tensor.transpose().shape = (i[n-1], i[n-2], ... i[1], i[0])``.
Args:
axes(Union[None, tuple(int), list(int), int], optional): If axes is None or
blank, the method will reverse the order of the axes. If axes is tuple(int)
or list(int), tensor.transpose() will transpose the tensor to the new axes order.
If axes is int, this form is simply intended as a convenience alternative to the
tuple/list form.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same dimension as input tensor, with axes suitably permuted.
Raises:
TypeError: If input arguments have types not specified above.
ValueError: If the number of `axes` is not equal to Tensor's ndim.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((1,2,3), dtype=np.float32))
>>> x = x.transpose()
>>> print(x.shape)
(3, 2, 1)
"""
self._init_check()
perm = validator.check_transpose_axis(axes, self.ndim)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('transpose')()(self, perm)
def reshape(self, *shape):
"""
Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
Args:
shape(Union[int, tuple(int), list(int)]): The new shape should be compatible
with the original shape. If an integer, then the result will be a 1-D
tensor of that length. One shape dimension can be -1. In this case, the
value is inferred from the length of the tensor and remaining dimensions.
Returns:
Tensor, with new specified shape.
Raises:
TypeError: If new shape is not integer, list or tuple.
ValueError: If new shape is not compatible with the original shape.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> from mindspore import dtype as mstype
>>> x = Tensor([[-0.1, 0.3, 3.6], [0.4, 0.5, -3.2]], dtype=mstype.float32)
>>> output = x.reshape((3, 2))
>>> print(output)
[[-0.1 0.3]
[ 3.6 0.4]
[ 0.5 -3.2]]
"""
self._init_check()
new_shape = validator.check_reshape_shp(shape)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('reshape')()(self, new_shape)
def ravel(self):
"""
Return a contiguous flattened tensor.
Returns:
Tensor, a 1-D tensor, containing the same elements of the input.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.reshape`: Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.flatten`: Return a copy of the tensor collapsed into one dimension.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((2,3,4), dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = x.ravel()
>>> print(output.shape)
(24,)
"""
self._init_check()
reshape_op = tensor_operator_registry.get('reshape')()
return reshape_op(self, (-1,))
def flatten(self, order='C'):
r"""
Return a copy of the tensor collapsed into one dimension.
Args:
order (str, optional): Can choose between 'C' and 'F'. 'C' means to
flatten in row-major (C-style) order. 'F' means to flatten in column-major
(Fortran-style) order. Default: 'C'.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same data type as input.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Raises:
TypeError: If `order` is not string type.
ValueError: If `order` is string type, but not 'C' or 'F'.
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.reshape`: Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.ravel`: Return a contiguous flattened tensor.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((2,3,4), dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = x.flatten()
>>> print(output.shape)
(24,)
"""
self._init_check()
reshape_op = tensor_operator_registry.get('reshape')()
trans_op = tensor_operator_registry.get('transpose')()
order = validator.check_flatten_order(order)
if order == 'C':
return reshape_op(self, (-1,))
perm = tuple(range(self.ndim-1, -1, -1))
return reshape_op(trans_op(self, perm), (-1,))
def narrow(self, axis, start, length):
"""
Returns a narrowed tensor from input tensor.
The dimension axis is input from start to start + length.
Args:
axis (int): the axis along which to narrow.
start (int): the starting dimension.
length (int): the distance to the ending dimension.
Returns:
Tensor.
- output (Tensors) - The narrowed tensor.
Raises:
TypeError: If the input is not a tensor or tuple or list of tensors.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import mindspore
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6], [7, 8, 9]], mindspore.int32)
>>> output = x.narrow(0, 0, 2)
>>> print(output)
[[ 1 2 3]
[ 4 5 6]]
>>> output = x.narrow(1, 1, 2)
>>> print(output)
[[ 2 3]
[ 5 6]
[ 8 9]]
"""
self._init_check()
return tensor_operator_registry.get('narrow')(self, axis, start, length)
def swapaxes(self, axis1, axis2):
"""
Interchange two axes of a tensor.
Args:
axis1 (int): First axis.
axis2 (int): Second axis.
Returns:
Transposed tensor, has the same data type as the input.
Raises:
TypeError: If `axis1` or `axis2` is not integer.
ValueError: If `axis1` or `axis2` is not in the range of :math:`[-ndim, ndim-1]`.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((2,3,4), dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = x.swapaxes(0, 2)
>>> print(output.shape)
(4,3,2)
"""
self._init_check()
axis1, axis2 = validator.check_swapaxes_axis((axis1, axis2), self.ndim)
if axis1 == axis2:
return self
if axis1 > axis2:
axis1, axis2 = axis2, axis1
perm = tuple(range(0, self.ndim))
if axis2 + 1 < self.ndim:
new_perm = perm[0:axis1] + perm[axis2:axis2+1] + \
perm[axis1+1:axis2] + perm[axis1:axis1+1] + perm[axis2+1:]
else:
new_perm = perm[0:axis1] + perm[axis2:axis2+1] + \
perm[axis1+1:axis2] + perm[axis1:axis1+1]
return tensor_operator_registry.get('transpose')()(self, new_perm)
def squeeze(self, axis=None):
"""
Remove the dimension of shape 1 from the Tensor
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, list(int), tuple(int)], optional): Selects a subset of the entries of
length one in the shape. If an axis is selected with shape entry greater than one,
an error is raised. Default is None.
Returns:
Tensor, with all or a subset of the dimensions of length 1 removed.
Raises:
TypeError: If input arguments have types not specified above.
ValueError: If axis is greater than one.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.expand_as`: Expand the dimension of target tensor to the dimension of input tensor.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.reshape`: Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((1,2,2), dtype=np.float32))
>>> print(x)
[[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]]
>>> print(x.shape)
(1, 2, 2)
>>> y = x.squeeze()
>>> print(y)
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
>>> print(y.shape)
(2, 2)
>>> y = x.squeeze(axis=0)
>>> print(y)
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
>>> print(y.shape)
(2, 2)
"""
self._init_check()
if axis is None:
return tensor_operator_registry.get('squeeze')(self)
new_shape = validator.prepare_shape_for_squeeze(self.shape, axis)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('reshape')()(self, new_shape)
def expand_dims(self, axis):
"""
Insert a dimension of shape 1 at the specified axis of Tensor
Args:
axis (int): the axis at which to insert the singleton dimension.
Returns:
Tensor, with inserted dimension of length 1.
Raises:
TypeError: If axis is not an int.
ValueError: If axis is not in range [-self.ndim - 1, self.ndim + 1).
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((2,2), dtype=np.float32))
>>> print(x)
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
>>> print(x.shape)
(2, 2)
>>> y = x.expand_dims(axis=0)
>>> print(y)
[[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]]
>>> print(y.shape)
(1, 2, 2)
"""
self._init_check()
validator.check_is_int(axis, 'axis')
validator.check_int_range(axis, -self.ndim - 1, self.ndim + 1, Rel.INC_LEFT, 'axis')
return tensor_operator_registry.get('expand_dims')(self, axis)
def astype(self, dtype, copy=True):
"""
Return a copy of the tensor, cast to a specified type.
Args:
dtype (Union[:class:`mindspore.dtype`, str]): Designated tensor dtype, can be in format
of :class:`mindspore.dtype.float32` or `float32`.
copy (bool, optional): By default, astype always returns a newly allocated
tensor. If this is set to false, the input tensor is returned instead
of a copy. Default: True.
Returns:
Tensor, with the designated dtype.
Raises:
TypeError: If the specified dtype cannot be understood.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.ones((1,2,2,1), dtype=np.float32))
>>> x = x.astype("int32")
>>> print(x.dtype)
Int32
"""
self._init_check()
dtype = validator.check_astype_dtype(dtype)
if not copy and dtype == self.dtype:
return self
return tensor_operator_registry.get('cast')(self, dtype)
def argmax(self, axis=None):
"""
Return the indices of the maximum values along an axis.
Args:
axis (int, optional): By default, the index is into
the flattened tensor, otherwise along the specified axis. Default: None.
Returns:
Tensor, indices into the input tensor. It has the same
shape as self.shape with the dimension along axis removed.
Raises:
ValueError: If the axis is out of range.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmin`: Return the indices of the minimum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.min`: Return the minimum of a tensor or minimum along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.max`: Return the maximum of a tensor or maximum along an axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(10, 16).reshape(2, 3).astype("float32"))
>>> print(a.argmax())
5
"""
# P.Argmax only supports float
a = self.astype(mstype.float32)
if axis is None:
a = a.ravel()
axis = 0
else:
axis = validator.check_axis_in_range(axis, a.ndim)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('argmax')(axis)(a)
def argmin(self, axis=None):
"""
Return the indices of the minimum values along an axis.
Args:
axis (int, optional): By default, the index is into
the flattened tensor, otherwise along the specified axis. Default: None.
Returns:
Tensor, indices into the input tensor. It has the same
shape as self.shape with the dimension along axis removed.
Raises:
ValueError: If the axis is out of range.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmax`: Return the indices of the maximum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.min`: Return the minimum of a tensor or minimum along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.max`: Return the maximum of a tensor or maximum along an axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(10, 16).reshape(2, 3).astype("float32"))
>>> print(a.argmin())
0
"""
# P.Argmin only supports float
a = self.astype(mstype.float32)
if axis is None:
a = a.ravel()
axis = 0
else:
axis = validator.check_axis_in_range(axis, a.ndim)
# P.Argmin is currently not supported
return tensor_operator_registry.get('argmax')(axis)(tensor_operator_registry.get('__neg__')(a))
def cumsum(self, axis=None, dtype=None):
"""
Return the cumulative sum of the elements along a given axis.
Note:
If ``self.dtype`` is :class:`int8`, :class:`int16` or :class:`bool`, the result
`dtype` will be elevated to :class:`int32`, :class:`int64` is not supported.
Args:
axis (int, optional): Axis along which the cumulative sum is computed. The
default (None) is to compute the cumsum over the flattened array.
dtype (:class:`mindspore.dtype`, optional): If not specified, stay the same as original
tensor, unless it has an integer dtype with a precision less than :class:`float32`.
In that case, :class:`float32` is used. Default: None.
Raises:
ValueError: If the axis is out of range.
Returns:
Tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.sum`: Return sum of tensor elements over a given axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.ones((3,3)).astype("float32"))
>>> output = a.cumsum(axis=0)
>>> print(output)
[[1. 1. 1.]
[2. 2. 2.]
[3. 3. 3.]]
"""
x = self
original_dtype = x.dtype
# If original tensor is int, and has precision less then int32, convert to int32
if x.dtype in (mstype.bool_, mstype.int8, mstype.int16, mstype.uint8, mstype.int16):
x = x.astype(mstype.int32)
if axis is None:
x = x.ravel()
axis = 0
validator.check_axis_in_range(axis, x.ndim)
if dtype is not None and original_dtype != dtype:
return tensor_operator_registry.get('cumsum')()(x, axis).astype(dtype, copy=False)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('cumsum')()(x, axis)
def copy(self):
"""
Return a copy of the tensor.
Note:
The current implementation does not support `order` argument.
Returns:
Copied tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.ones((3,3)).astype("float32"))
>>> output = a.copy()
>>> print(output)
[[1. 1. 1.]
[1. 1. 1.]
[1. 1. 1.]]
"""
if self.size == 0:
return self
origin_dtype = self.dtype
x = self
logical_not_op = tensor_operator_registry.get('logical_not')()
if origin_dtype == mstype.bool_:
return logical_not_op(logical_not_op(x))
if origin_dtype != mstype.float64:
x = x.astype("float32")
x = x / 1.0
x = x.astype(origin_dtype)
return x
def max(self, axis=None, keepdims=False, initial=None, where=True):
"""
Return the maximum of a tensor or maximum along an axis.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple of ints], optional): Axis or
axes along which to operate. By default, flattened input is used. If
this is a tuple of ints, the maximum is selected over multiple axes,
instead of a single axis or all the axes as before. Default: None.
keepdims (bool, optional):
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the
result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will
broadcast correctly against the input array. Default: False.
initial (scalar, optional):
The minimum value of an output element. Must be present to allow
computation on empty slice. Default: None.
where (bool Tensor, optional):
A boolean tensor which is broadcasted to match the dimensions of array,
and selects elements to include in the reduction. If non-default value
is passed, initial must also be provided. Default: True.
Returns:
Tensor or scalar, maximum of input tensor. If `axis` is None, the result is a scalar
value. If `axis` is given, the result is a tensor of dimension ``self.ndim - 1``.
Raises:
TypeError: If arguments have types not specified above.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmin`: Return the indices of the minimum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmax`: Return the indices of the maximum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.min`: Return the minimum of a tensor or minimum along an axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(4).reshape((2, 2)).astype('float32'))
>>> output = a.max()
>>> print(output)
3.0
"""
reduce_ = tensor_operator_registry.get("reduce")
reduce_max = tensor_operator_registry.get("reduce_max")
maximum = tensor_operator_registry.get("maximum")
return reduce_(self, reduce_max(keepdims), cmp_fn=maximum(), axis=axis, keepdims=keepdims,
initial=initial, where=where)
def min(self, axis=None, keepdims=False, initial=None, where=True):
"""
Return the minimum of a tensor or minimum along an axis.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple of ints], optional): Axis or
axes along which to operate. By default, flattened input is used. If
this is a tuple of ints, the minimum is selected over multiple axes,
instead of a single axis or all the axes as before. Default: None.
keepdims (bool, optional):
If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the
result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will
broadcast correctly against the input tensor. Default: False.
initial (scalar, optional):
The maximum value of an output element. Must be present to allow
computation on empty slice. Default: None.
where (bool Tensor, optional):
A boolean tensor which is broadcasted to match the dimensions of tensor,
and selects elements to include in the reduction. If non-default value
is passed, initial must also be provided. Default: True.
Returns:
Tensor or scalar, minimum of input tensor. If the axis is None, the result is a scalar
value. If `axis` is given, the result is a tensor of dimension ``self.ndim - 1``.
Raises:
TypeError: If arguments have types not specified above.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmin`: Return the indices of the minimum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.argmax`: Return the indices of the maximum values along an axis.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.max`: Return the maximum of a tensor or maximum along an axis.
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> import mindspore.numpy as np
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(4).reshape((2,2)).astype('float32'))
>>> output = a.min()
>>> print(output)
0.0
"""
reduce_ = tensor_operator_registry.get("reduce")
reduce_min = tensor_operator_registry.get("reduce_min")
minimum = tensor_operator_registry.get("minimum")
return reduce_(self, reduce_min(keepdims), cmp_fn=minimum(), axis=axis, keepdims=keepdims,
initial=initial, where=where)
def fill(self, value):
"""
Fill the tensor with a scalar value.
Note:
Unlike Numpy, tensor.fill() will always return a new tensor, instead of
filling the original tensor.
Args:
value (Union[None, int, float, bool]): All elements of a will be assigned this value.
Returns:
Tensor, with the original dtype and shape.
Raises:
TypeError: If input arguments have types not specified above.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(4).reshape((2,2)).astype('float32'))
>>> print(a.fill(1.0))
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
"""
if value is None:
if self.dtype not in (mstype.float16, mstype.float32, mstype.float64):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.fill', if the argument 'value' is None, the type of the original "
"tensor must be float, but got {}.".format(self.dtype))
value = Tensor(float('nan')).astype("float32")
return tensor_operator_registry.get("tile")()(value, self.shape).astype(self.dtype)
if not isinstance(value, (int, float, bool)):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.fill', the type of the argument 'value' must be int, float or bool, "
"but got {}.".format(type(value)))
return tensor_operator_registry.get("fill")(self.dtype, self.shape, value)
def masked_fill(self, mask, value):
"""
Fills elements of self tensor with value where mask is True.
The shape of mask must be equal to the shape of the underlying tensor.
Args:
mask (Tensor[bool]): The boolean mask.
value (Union[int, float]): The value to fill in with, which only supports a float or an int number.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same type and shape as self.
Raises:
TypeError: If mask is not a tensor.
TypeError: If mask is not bool.
TypeError: If value is neither int nor float number.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(4)).astype('float32'))
>>> print(a)
[0. 1. 2. 3.]
>>> mask = Tensor([False, False, True, True])
>>> print(a.masked_fill(mask, 0.0))
[0. 1. 0. 0.]
"""
if not isinstance(mask, Tensor):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.masked_fill', the type of the argument 'mask' must be Tensor, but "
"got {}.".format(type(mask)))
validator.check_type_name('mask', mask.dtype, [mstype.bool_], "Tensor")
mask_shape = validator.infer_out_shape(self.shape, mask.shape)
mask = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(mask_shape)(mask)
validator.check_value_type('value', value, [int, float], "Tensor")
return tensor_operator_registry.get("masked_fill")(self, mask, value)
def ptp(self, axis=None, keepdims=False):
"""
The name of the function comes from the acronym for "peak to peak".
Note:
Numpy argument `out` is not supported.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Axis or axes along which the range is computed.
The default is to compute the variance of the flattened tensor. Default: None.
keepdims (bool): If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as
dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the tensor.
Default is False.
Returns:
Tensor.
Raises:
TypeError: If `self` is not a tensor, or `axis` and `keepdims` have types not specified above.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor([[4.0, 9.0, 2.0, 10.0], [6.0, 9.0, 7.0, 12.0]]).astype("float32")
>>> print(x.ptp(axis=1))
[8. 6.]
>>> print(x.ptp(axis=0))
[2. 0. 5. 2.]
"""
if not isinstance(keepdims, bool):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.ptp', the type of the argument 'keepdims' must be bool, "
"but got {}.".format(type(keepdims)))
if axis is None:
axis = ()
else:
validator.check_axis_type(axis, True, True, False)
axis = validator.check_axis_valid(axis, self.ndim)
return self.max(axis, keepdims) - self.min(axis, keepdims)
def clip(self, xmin, xmax, dtype=None):
"""
Clips (limits) the values in a Tensor.
Given an interval, values outside the interval are clipped to the interval edges.
For example, if an interval of :math:`[0, 1]` is specified, values smaller than 0 become 0,
and values larger than 1 become 1.
Note:
Currently, clip with `xmin=nan` or `xmax=nan` is not supported.
Args:
xmin (Tensor, scalar, None): Minimum value. If None, clipping is not performed
on the lower interval edge. Not more than one of `xmin` and `xmax` may be None.
xmax (Tensor, scalar, None): Maximum value. If None, clipping is not performed
on the upper interval edge. Not more than one of `xmin` and `xmax` may be None.
If `xmin` or `xmax` are tensors, then `xmin`, `xmax` and the given tensor
will be broadcasted to match their shapes.
dtype (:class:`mindspore.dtype`, optional): Overrides the dtype of the
output Tensor. Default is None.
Returns:
Tensor, a tensor with the elements of the input tensor, but where values
< `xmin` are replaced with `xmin`, and those > `xmax` with `xmax`.
Raises:
TypeError: If inputs have types not specified above.
ValueError: If the shapes of `x1` and `x2` cannot broadcast, or both `xmin` and `xmax` are `None`.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor([1, 2, 3, -4, 0, 3, 2, 0]).astype("float32")
>>> y = x.clip(0, 2)
>>> print(y)
[1. 2. 2. 0. 0. 2. 2. 0.]
>>> t = Tensor([1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1])
>>> y = x.clip(t, 2)
>>> print(y)
[1. 2. 2. 1. 1. 2. 2. 1.]
"""
if xmin is None and xmax is None:
raise ValueError("For 'Tensor.clip', the argument 'xmin' and 'xman' cannot all be None.")
x = self
# F.maximum/minimum does not support when both operands are scalar
if xmin is not None:
xmin = Tensor(xmin).astype(x.dtype)
if x.ndim == 0 and xmin.ndim == 0:
x = tensor_operator_registry.get("maximum")()(x.reshape((1,)), xmin).squeeze()
else:
x = tensor_operator_registry.get("maximum")()(x, xmin)
if xmax is not None:
xmax = Tensor(xmax).astype(x.dtype)
if x.ndim == 0 and xmax.ndim == 0:
x = tensor_operator_registry.get("minimum")()(x.reshape((1,)), xmax).squeeze()
else:
x = tensor_operator_registry.get("minimum")()(x, xmax)
if dtype is not None and dtype != x.dtype:
return x.astype(dtype)
return x
def _init_check(self):
if self.has_init:
self.init_data()
return self
def init_data(self, slice_index=None, shape=None, opt_shard_group=None):
"""
Get the tensor format data of this Tensor.
The init_data function can be called once for the same tensor.
Args:
slice_index (int): Slice index of a parameter's slices.
It is used when initialize a slice of a parameter, it guarantees that devices
using the same slice can generate the same tensor. Default: None.
shape (list[int]): Shape of the slice, it is used when initialize a slice of the parameter. Default: None.
opt_shard_group(str): Optimizer shard group which is used in auto or semi auto parallel mode
to get one shard of a parameter's slice. Default: None.
Returns:
Initialized Tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> import mindspore.common.initializer as init
>>> x = init.initializer(init.Constant(1), [2, 2], ms.float32)
>>> out = x.init_data()
>>> print(out)
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
"""
if self.init is None:
raise TypeError("init_data must be set Tensor.init, init can't be None")
if shape is None:
shape = self.shape
try:
arr = np.ndarray(shape, dtype=mstype.dtype_to_nptype(self.dtype))
except ValueError:
msg = "Error shape={}".format(shape)
logger.critical(msg)
raise ValueError(msg)
class seed_context:
"""Set and restore seed."""
def __init__(self, init):
self.init = init
from .seed import get_seed
global_seed = get_seed()
self._np_seed = np.random.get_state()[1][0]
self.need_set_seed = ((slice_index is not None) and (global_seed is None))
def __enter__(self):
if self.need_set_seed:
self.seed = self.init.seed
np.random.seed(slice_index)
self.init.seed = slice_index
def __exit__(self, ptype, value, trace):
if self.need_set_seed:
np.random.seed(self._np_seed)
self.init.seed, _ = self.seed
with seed_context(self.init):
self.init(arr)
data = np.array(arr)
if opt_shard_group:
rank = get_rank(opt_shard_group)
size = get_group_size(opt_shard_group)
data = np.split(data, size)[rank]
self.init = None
self.assign_value(Tensor(data, dtype=self.dtype))
return self
def to_tensor(self, slice_index=None, shape=None, opt_shard_group=None):
"""
Return init_data() and get the tensor format data of this Tensor.
Note:
The usage of `to_tensor` is deprecated. Please use `init_data`.
Args:
slice_index (int): Slice index of a parameter's slices.
It is used when initialize a slice of a parameter, it guarantees that devices
using the same slice can generate the same tensor. Default: None.
shape (list[int]): Shape of the slice, it is used when initialize a slice of the parameter. Default: None.
opt_shard_group(str): Optimizer shard group which is used in auto or semi auto parallel mode
to get one shard of a parameter's slice. Default: None.
Returns:
Initialized Tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> import mindspore.common.initializer as init
>>> x = init.initializer(init.Constant(1), [2, 2], ms.float32)
>>> out = x.to_tensor()
>>> print(out)
[[1. 1.]
[1. 1.]]
"""
logger.warning("WARN_DEPRECATED: The usage of to_tensor is deprecated."
" Please use init_data")
return self.init_data(slice_index, shape, opt_shard_group)
def resize(self, *new_shape):
"""
Changes shape and size of tensor in-place.
If the shape of the new tensor is larger than the shape of the original tensor, the new tensor will be filled
with 0. And if the shape of the new tensor is smaller than the shape of the original tensor, the new tensor is
filled with the elements of the original tensor in order.
Note:
Instead of changing the size of the input tensor and returns nothing as in numpy,
this method returns a new Tensor with the input size.
Numpy argument `refcheck` is not supported.
Args:
new_shape (Union[ints, tuple of ints]): Shape of resized tensor.
Returns:
Tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.reshape`: Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.repeat`: Repeat elements of a tensor.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([[1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6]], dtype=np.float32))
>>> y = x.resize(3, 3)
>>> print(y)
[[1. 2. 3.]
[4. 5. 6.]
[0. 0. 0.]]
>>> y = x.resize(2, 2)
>>> print(y)
[[1. 2.]
[3. 4.]]
"""
if not new_shape:
return self
if len(new_shape) == 1:
if isinstance(new_shape[0], tuple):
new_shape = new_shape[0]
flattened = self.ravel()
cur_size = flattened.size
new_size = tensor_operator_registry.get('shape_mul')(new_shape)
diff_size = new_size - cur_size
if diff_size > 0:
pad_val = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(self.dtype, (diff_size,), 0)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('concatenate')(0)((flattened, pad_val))
else:
res = flattened[:new_size]
return res.reshape(new_shape)
def diagonal(self, offset=0, axis1=0, axis2=1):
"""
Return specified diagonals.
Args:
offset (int, optional): Offset of the diagonal from the main diagonal.
Can be positive or negative. Defaults to main diagonal.
axis1 (int, optional): Axis to be used as the first axis of the 2-D
sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken. Defaults to
first axis (0).
axis2 (int, optional): Axis to be used as the second axis of the 2-D
sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken. Defaults to
second axis.
Returns:
Tensor, if Tensor is 2-D, return a 1-D Tensor containing the diagonal.
Raises:
ValueError: If the input tensor has less than two dimensions.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.trace`: Return the sum along diagonals of the tensor.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.arange(4).reshape(2, 2))
>>> print(a)
[[0 1]
[2 3]]
>>> output = a.diagonal()
>>> print(output)
[0 3]
"""
ndim = self.ndim
if ndim < 2:
raise ValueError("For 'Tensor.diagonal', the original tensor requires at least two dimensions, "
"but got {}.".format(ndim))
dtype = self.dtype
axes = validator.check_axis_valid((axis1, axis2), ndim)
perm = ()
for i in range(ndim):
if i not in axes:
perm += (i,)
perm += axes
a = self.transpose(perm)
shape = a.shape
n, m = shape[-2:]
e = tensor_operator_registry.get('eye')(n, m, dtype)
if offset >= m or offset <= -n:
e = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(dtype, (n, m), 0)
elif offset != 0:
e = e.astype(mstype.float32)
if offset > 0:
e_left = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(dtype, (n, offset), 0)
e_right = e[..., 0:m-offset:1]
e = tensor_operator_registry.get('concatenate')(1)((e_left, e_right)).astype(dtype)
elif offset < 0:
e_upper = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(dtype, (-offset, m), 0)
e_lower = e[0:n+offset:1, ...]
e = tensor_operator_registry.get('concatenate')(0)((e_upper, e_lower)).astype(dtype)
e = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(shape)(e)
prod = tensor_operator_registry.get('__mul__')(a, e)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('reduce_sum')(prod.astype(mstype.float32), -1)
begin = ()
for i in range(ndim-2):
begin += (0,)
last_dim_begin = max(0, -offset)
begin += (last_dim_begin,)
size = res.shape[:-1]
last_dim_end = min(
shape[-2], max(0, shape[-1] - offset)) - last_dim_begin
if last_dim_end <= 0:
return Tensor([])
size += (last_dim_end,)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('tensor_slice')(res, begin, size)
return res.astype(dtype)
def trace(self, offset=0, axis1=0, axis2=1, dtype=None):
"""
Return the sum along diagonals of the tensor.
Args:
offset (int, optional): Offset of the diagonal from the main diagonal.
Can be positive or negative. Defaults to main diagonal.
axis1 (int, optional): Axis to be used as the first axis of the 2-D
sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken. Defaults to
first axis (0).
axis2 (int, optional): Axis to be used as the second axis of the 2-D
sub-arrays from which the diagonals should be taken. Defaults to
second axis.
dtype (:class:`mindspore.dtype`, optional): defaults to None. Overrides the dtype of the
output Tensor.
Returns:
Tensor, the sum along diagonals.
Raises:
ValueError: If the input tensor has less than two dimensions.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.diagonal`: Return specified diagonals.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.eye(3, dtype=np.float32))
>>> print(x.trace())
3.0
"""
d = self.diagonal(offset, axis1=axis1, axis2=axis2)
shape = d.shape
if dtype is None:
dtype = d.dtype
if shape[-1] == 0:
return tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(dtype, shape[:-1], 0)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('reduce_sum')(d.astype(mstype.float32), -1)
return res.astype(dtype)
def take(self, indices, axis=None, mode='clip'):
"""
Takes elements from a tensor along an axis.
Args:
indices (Tensor): The indices with shape `(Nj...)` of the values to extract.
axis (int, optional): The axis over which to select values. By default,
the flattened input tensor is used. Default: `None`.
mode ('raise', 'wrap', 'clip', optional): Default: "clip".
'raise' – Raises an error;
'wrap' – Wraps around;
'clip' – Clips to the range. 'clip' mode means that all indices that are
too large are replaced by the index that addresses the last element
along that axis. Note that this disables indexing with negative numbers.
Default: 'clip'.
Returns:
Tensor, the indexed result.
Raises:
ValueError: If `axis` is out of range, or `mode` has values other than ('raise', 'wrap', 'clip')
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> a = Tensor(np.array([4, 3, 5, 7, 6, 8]))
>>> indices = Tensor(np.array([0, 1, 4]))
>>> output = a.take(indices)
>>> print(output)
[4 3 6]
"""
if mode not in ('raise', 'wrap', 'clip'):
raise ValueError(f"For 'Tensor.take', the argument 'mode' should be one of in ['raise', 'wrap', 'clip'],"
f" but got {mode}.")
if axis is None:
a = self.ravel()
axis = 0
else:
a = self
ndim = a.ndim
validator.check_axis_in_range(axis, ndim)
axis = axis + ndim if axis < 0 else axis
shape_a = a.shape
shape_indices = indices.shape
size_indices = indices.size
indices = tensor_operator_registry.get('check_indices')(shape_a[axis], indices, mode)
# reshapes indices to shape (Ni..., Nj..., Nk)
shape_ni = shape_a[:axis]
shape_nk = shape_a[axis + 1:]
shape_out = shape_ni + shape_indices + shape_nk
shape_indices = tuple(size_indices if i == axis else 1 for i in range(ndim))
indices = indices.reshape(shape_indices)
shape_indices = shape_ni + (indices.size,) + shape_nk
indices = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(shape_indices)(indices)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('gather_d')(a, axis, indices)
return res.reshape(shape_out)
def choose(self, choices, mode='clip'):
"""
Construct a tensor from an index tensor and a list of tensors to choose from.
Args:
choices (Union[tuple, list, Tensor]): Choice tensors. The input tensor and all of the
`choices` must be broadcasted to the same shape. If `choices` is itself a tensor,
then its outermost dimension (i.e., the one corresponding to ``choices.shape[0]``)
is taken as defining the "sequence".
mode ('raise', 'wrap', 'clip', optional): Specifies how indices outside
``[0, n-1]`` will be treated:
'raise' – Raises an error;
'wrap' – Wraps around;
'clip' – Clips to the range. 'clip' mode means that values greater than n-1 are mapped to n-1.
Note that this disables indexing with negative numbers.
Default: 'clip'.
Returns:
Tensor, the merged result.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Raises:
ValueError: If the input tensor and any of the `choices` cannot be broadcast.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> choices = [[0, 1, 2, 3], [10, 11, 12, 13], [20, 21, 22, 23], [30, 31, 32, 33]]
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([2, 3, 1, 0]))
>>> print(x.choose(choices))
[20 31 12 3]
"""
if isinstance(choices, Tensor):
shape_choice = validator.infer_out_shape(self.shape, choices.shape[1:])
choices = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')((choices.shape[0],) + shape_choice)(choices)
else:
# broadcasts choices to the same shape if choices is a sequence
choicelist = []
shapes = ()
for choice in choices:
if not isinstance(choice, Tensor):
choice = tensor_operator_registry.get('make_tensor')(choice)
shapes += (choice.shape,)
choicelist.append(choice)
shape_choice = validator.infer_out_shape(self.shape, *shapes)
tmp = []
for choice in choicelist:
tmp.append(tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(shape_choice)(choice))
choices = tensor_operator_registry.get('stack')(0)(tmp)
if self.ndim == 0 or choices.ndim == 0:
raise ValueError(f"For 'Tensor.choose', the original tensor and the argument 'choices' cannot be scalars."
f" Their dimensions should all be > 0, but got the original tensor's dimension "
f"{self.ndim}, 'choices' dimension {choices.ndim}.")
a = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(shape_choice)(self)
dtype = choices.dtype
# adjusts dtype for F.tensor_mul and F.gather_nd
a = a.astype(mstype.int32)
choices = choices.astype(mstype.int32)
a = tensor_operator_registry.get('check_indices')(choices.shape[0], a, mode, allow_negative_index=False)
grids = []
ndim = len(a.shape)
for i in range(ndim):
dim_grid = Tensor(list(range(a.shape[i])), mstype.int32)
dim_shape = validator.expanded_shape(ndim, a.shape[i], i)
dim_grid = tensor_operator_registry.get('broadcast_to')(a.shape)(dim_grid.reshape(dim_shape))
grids.append(dim_grid)
grid = tensor_operator_registry.get('stack')(-1)(grids)
indices = tensor_operator_registry.get('concatenate')(-1)((a.reshape(a.shape + (1,)), grid))
return tensor_operator_registry.get('gather_nd')(choices, indices).astype(dtype)
def searchsorted(self, v, side='left', sorter=None):
"""
Finds indices where elements should be inserted to maintain order.
Args:
v (Union[int, float, bool, list, tuple, Tensor]): Values to insert into the tensor.
side ('left', 'right', optional): If 'left', the index of the first suitable
location found is given. If 'right', return the last such index. If there is
no suitable index, return either 0 or N (where N is the length of the tensor).
Default: 'left'.
sorter (Union[int, float, bool, list, tuple, Tensor]): 1-D optional tensor of
integer indices that sort the tensor into ascending order. They are typically
the result of argsort. Default: None.
Returns:
Tensor, array of insertion points with the same shape as `v`.
Raises:
ValueError: If argument for `side` or `sorter` is invalid.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([1, 2, 3, 4, 5]))
>>> print(x.searchsorted(3))
2
"""
if side not in ('left', 'right'):
raise ValueError(f"For 'Tensor.searchsorted', the argument 'side' should be one of in "
f"['left', 'right'], but got {side}.")
a = self.astype(mstype.float32)
if not isinstance(v, Tensor):
v = tensor_operator_registry.get('make_tensor')(v)
shape = v.shape
if sorter is not None:
if sorter.ndim != 1 or sorter.size != a.size:
raise ValueError('sorter must be 1-D array with the same size as the Tensor')
sorter = tensor_operator_registry.get('make_tensor')(sorter)
sorter = sorter.reshape(sorter.shape + (1,))
a = tensor_operator_registry.get('gather_nd')(a, sorter)
less_op = tensor_operator_registry.get('__le__') if side == 'left' else tensor_operator_registry.get('__lt__')
i = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(mstype.int32, shape, 0)
j = tensor_operator_registry.get('fill')(mstype.int32, shape, a.size)
sort_range = tuple(range(validator.get_log2_size(
tensor_operator_registry.get('shape_mul')(a.shape) + 1)))
for _ in sort_range:
mid = (i - -j)//2
mask = less_op(v, tensor_operator_registry.get('gather_nd')(a, mid.reshape(mid.shape + (1,))))
i = tensor_operator_registry.get('select')(mask, i, mid)
j = tensor_operator_registry.get('select')(mask, mid, j)
return j
def var(self, axis=None, ddof=0, keepdims=False):
"""
Compute the variance along the specified axis.
The variance is the average of the squared deviations from the mean, i.e.,
:math:`var = mean(abs(x - x.mean())**2)`.
Return the variance, which is computed for the flattened array by default,
otherwise over the specified axis.
Note:
Numpy arguments `dtype`, `out` and `where` are not supported.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Axis or axes along which the variance is computed.
The default is to compute the variance of the flattened array. Default: `None`.
ddof (int): Means Delta Degrees of Freedom. Default: 0.
The divisor used in calculations is :math:`N - ddof`, where :math:`N` represents the number of elements.
keepdims (bool): Default: `False`.
Returns:
Variance tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.mean`: Reduce a dimension of a tensor by averaging all elements in the dimension.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.std`: Compute the standard deviation along the specified axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> input_x = Tensor(np.array([1., 2., 3., 4.], np.float32))
>>> output = input_x.var()
>>> print(output)
1.25
"""
if 0 in self.shape:
return Tensor(float('nan'), self.dtype)
if not isinstance(ddof, int):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.var', the type of the argument 'ddof' must be int, but got "
"{}.".format(type(ddof)))
if not isinstance(keepdims, bool):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.var', the type of the argument 'keepdims' must be bool, but "
"got {}.".format(type(keepdims)))
if axis is None:
axis = ()
else:
axis = validator.check_and_canonicalize_axes(axis, self.ndim)
x_mean = tensor_operator_registry.get('mean')(True)(self, axis)
x_sub = tensor_operator_registry.get('__sub__')(self, x_mean)
x_pow = tensor_operator_registry.get('__pow__')(x_sub, 2)
x_sum = tensor_operator_registry.get('sum')(bool(keepdims))(x_pow, axis)
nums = 1
if axis == ():
nums = self.size
else:
for ax in axis:
nums *= self.shape[ax]
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__truediv__')(x_sum, nums - ddof)
def std(self, axis=None, ddof=0, keepdims=False):
"""
Compute the standard deviation along the specified axis.
The standard deviation is the square root of the average of the squared deviations
from the mean, i.e., :math:`std = sqrt(mean(abs(x - x.mean())**2))`.
Return the standard deviation, which is computed for the flattened array by default,
otherwise over the specified axis.
Note:
Numpy arguments `dtype`, `out` and `where` are not supported.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Axis or axes along which the standard
deviation is computed. Default: `None`.
If `None`, compute the standard deviation of the flattened array.
ddof (int): Means Delta Degrees of Freedom. The divisor used in calculations is :math:`N - ddof`,
where :math:`N` represents the number of elements. Default: 0.
keepdims: Default: `False`.
Returns:
Standard deviation tensor.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.mean`: Reduce a dimension of a tensor by averaging all elements in the dimension.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.var`: Compute the variance along the specified axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> input_x = Tensor(np.array([1, 2, 3, 4], dtype=np.float32))
>>> output = input_x.std()
>>> print(output)
1.118034
"""
x_var = self.var(axis, ddof, keepdims)
return tensor_operator_registry.get('__pow__')(x_var, 0.5)
def sum(self, axis=None, dtype=None, keepdims=False, initial=None):
"""
Return sum of tensor elements over a given axis.
Note:
Numpy arguments `out`, `where`, `casting`, `order`, `subok`, `signature`, and
`extobj` are not supported.
Args:
axis (Union[None, int, tuple(int)]): Axis or axes along which a sum is performed. Default: None.
If None, sum all the elements of the input tensor.
If the axis is negative, it counts from the last to the first axis.
If the axis is a tuple of ints, a sum is performed on all the axes specified in the tuple
instead of a single axis or all the axes as before.
dtype (:class:`mindspore.dtype`, optional): defaults to None. Overrides the dtype of the
output Tensor.
keepdims (bool): If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as
dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array.
If the default value is passed, then keepdims will not be passed through to the sum method of
sub-classes of ndarray, however any non-default value will be. If the sub-class method does not
implement keepdims any exceptions will be raised. Default: `False`.
initial (scalar): Starting value for the sum. Default: `None`.
Returns:
Tensor. A tensor with the same shape as input, with the specified axis removed.
If the input tensor is a 0-d array, or if the axis is None, a scalar is returned.
Raises:
TypeError: If input is not array_like, or `axis` is not int or tuple of ints,
or `keepdims` is not integer, or `initial` is not scalar.
ValueError: If any axis is out of range or duplicate axes exist.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.cumsum`: Return the cumulative sum of the elements along a given axis.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> input_x = Tensor(np.array([-1, 0, 1]).astype(np.float32))
>>> print(input_x.sum())
0.0
>>> input_x = Tensor(np.arange(10).reshape(2, 5).astype(np.float32))
>>> print(input_x.sum(axis=1))
[10. 35.]
"""
input_x = self.astype(mstype.int32) if self.dtype == mstype.bool_ else self
dtype = input_x.dtype if dtype is None else dtype
if not isinstance(keepdims, int):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.sum', the type of the argument 'keepdims' must be int, but "
"got {}.".format(type(keepdims)))
if initial is not None and not isinstance(initial, (int, float, bool)):
raise TypeError("For 'Tensor.sum', when the argument 'initial' is not None, it must be int, "
"float or bool, but got {}.".format(type(initial)))
if axis is None:
axis = ()
else:
axis = validator.check_and_canonicalize_axes(axis, self.ndim)
if not validator.check_type_support(input_x.dtype, 'GPU',
(mstype.float64, mstype.float32, mstype.float16)):
input_x = input_x.astype(mstype.float32)
if 0 in self.shape:
input_x = tensor_operator_registry.get('make_tensor')([0], self.dtype)
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('sum')(bool(keepdims))(input_x, axis)
if initial is not None:
res += initial
return res.astype(dtype)
def repeat(self, repeats, axis=None):
"""
Repeat elements of a tensor.
Args:
repeats (Union[int, tuple, list]): The number of repetitions for each element.
`repeats` is broadcasted to fit the shape of the given axis.
axis (int, optional): The axis along which to repeat values. By default,
use the flattened input tensor, and return a flat output tensor. Default: None.
Returns:
Tensor, has the same shape as input tensor except along the given axis.
Raises:
ValueError: If the axis is out of range.
TypeError: If arguments have types not specified above.
Supported Platforms:
``Ascend`` ``GPU`` ``CPU``
See also:
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.reshape`: Give a new shape to a tensor without changing its data.
:func:`mindspore.Tensor.resize`: Changes shape and size of tensor in-place.
Examples:
>>> import numpy as np
>>> from mindspore import Tensor
>>> x = Tensor(np.array(3))
>>> print(x.repeat(4))
[3 3 3 3]
>>> x = Tensor(np.array([[1, 2],[3, 4]]))
>>> print(x.repeat(2))
[1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4]
>>> print(x.repeat(3, axis=1))
[[1 1 1 2 2 2]
[3 3 3 4 4 4]]
>>> print(x.repeat([1,2], axis=0))
[[1 2]
[3 4]
[3 4]]
"""
if not isinstance(repeats, (tuple, list)):
repeats = (repeats,)
for index, element in enumerate(repeats):
if not isinstance(element, int):
raise TypeError(f"For 'Tensor.repeat', each element in {repeats} should be int, but got "
f"{type(element)} at index {index}.")
input_x = self
if axis is None:
input_x = self.ravel()
axis = 0
if axis is not None and not isinstance(axis, int):
raise TypeError(f"For 'Tensor.repeat', the argument 'axis' should be int, but got {type(axis)}.")
validator.check_axis_in_range(axis, input_x.ndim)
axis = axis + input_x.ndim if axis < 0 else axis
if len(repeats) == 1:
repeats = repeats[0]
if repeats == 0:
return Tensor_(input_x.dtype, (0,))
return tensor_operator_registry.get('repeat_elements')(input_x, repeats, axis)
size = input_x.shape[axis]
if len(repeats) != size:
raise ValueError(f"For 'Tensor.repeat', the length of 'repeats' must be the same as the shape of the "
f"original tensor in the 'axis' dimension, but got the length of 'repeats' "
f"{len(repeats)}, the shape of the original tensor in the 'axis' dimension {size}.")
subs = tensor_operator_registry.get('split')(axis, size)(input_x)
repeated_subs = []
for sub, rep in zip(subs, repeats):
if rep != 0:
repeated_subs.append(tensor_operator_registry.get('repeat_elements')(sub, rep, axis))
return tensor_operator_registry.get('concatenate')(axis)(repeated_subs)
class RowTensor:
"""
A sparse representation of a set of tensor slices at given indices.
An RowTensor is typically used to represent a subset of a larger
tensor dense of shape [L0, D1, .. , DN] where L0 >> D0.
The values in indices are the indices in the first dimension of the slices
that have been extracted from the larger tensor.
The dense tensor dense represented by an RowTensor slices has
`dense[slices.indices[i], :, :, :, ...] = slices.values[i, :, :, :, ...]`.
For example, if indices is [0], values is [[1, 2]], dense_shape is
(3, 2), then the dense representation of the row tensor will be:
.. code-block::
[[1, 2],
[0, 0],
[0, 0]]
RowTensor can only be used in the `Cell`'s construct method.
Note:
RowTensor is not supported in pynative mode.
Args:
indices (Tensor): A 1-D integer Tensor of shape [D0].
values (Tensor): A Tensor of any dtype of shape [D0, D1, ..., Dn].
dense_shape (tuple(int)): An integer tuple which contains the shape
of the corresponding dense tensor.
Returns:
RowTensor, composed of `indices`, `values`, and `dense_shape`.
Examples:
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> import mindspore.nn as nn
>>> from mindspore import Tensor, RowTensor
>>> class Net(nn.Cell):
... def __init__(self, dense_shape):
... super(Net, self).__init__()
... self.dense_shape = dense_shape
... def construct(self, indices, values):
... x = RowTensor(indices, values, self.dense_shape)
... return x.values, x.indices, x.dense_shape
>>>
>>> indices = Tensor([0])
>>> values = Tensor([[1, 2]], dtype=ms.float32)
>>> out = Net((3, 2))(indices, values)
>>> print(out[0])
[[1. 2.]]
>>> print(out[1])
[0]
>>> print(out[2])
(3, 2)
"""
def __init__(self, indices, values, dense_shape):
"Init RowTensor"
self.__indices = indices
self.__values = values
self.__dense_shape = dense_shape
@property
def indices(self):
return self.__indices
@property
def values(self):
return self.__values
@property
def dense_shape(self):
return self.__dense_shape
class SparseTensor:
"""
A sparse representation of a set of nonzero elements from a tensor at given indices.
SparseTensor can only be used in the `Cell`'s construct method.
For a tensor dense, its SparseTensor(indices, values, dense_shape) has
`dense[indices[i]] = values[i]`.
For example, if indices is [[0, 1], [1, 2]], values is [1, 2], dense_shape is
(3, 4), then the dense representation of the sparse tensor will be:
.. code-block::
[[0, 1, 0, 0],
[0, 0, 2, 0],
[0, 0, 0, 0]]
Note:
SparseTensor is not supported in Pynative mode at the moment.
Args:
indices (Tensor): A 2-D integer Tensor of shape `[N, ndims]`,
where N and ndims are the number of `values` and number of dimensions in
the SparseTensor, respectively.
values (Tensor): A 1-D tensor of any type and shape `[N]`, which
supplies the values for each element in `indices`.
dense_shape (tuple(int)): A integer tuple of size `ndims`,
which specifies the dense_shape of the sparse tensor.
Returns:
SparseTensor, composed of `indices`, `values`, and `dense_shape`.
Examples:
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> import mindspore.nn as nn
>>> from mindspore import Tensor, SparseTensor
>>> class Net(nn.Cell):
... def __init__(self, dense_shape):
... super(Net, self).__init__()
... self.dense_shape = dense_shape
... def construct(self, indices, values):
... x = SparseTensor(indices, values, self.dense_shape)
... return x.values, x.indices, x.dense_shape
>>>
>>> indices = Tensor([[0, 1], [1, 2]])
>>> values = Tensor([1, 2], dtype=ms.float32)
>>> out = Net((3, 4))(indices, values)
>>> print(out[0])
[1. 2.]
>>> print(out[1])
[[0 1]
[1 2]]
>>> print(out[2])
(3, 4)
"""
def __init__(self, indices, values, dense_shape):
"Init SparseTensor"
self.__indices = indices
self.__values = values
self.__dense_shape = dense_shape
@property
def indices(self):
return self.__indices
@property
def values(self):
return self.__values
@property
def dense_shape(self):
return self.__dense_shape
class CSRTensor(CSRTensor_):
"""
Constructs a sparse tensor in CSR (Compressed Sparse Row) format, with specified
values indicated by `values` and row and column positions indicated by `indptr`
and `indices`.
Alternatively, CSRTensor can be initialized by passing another CSRTensor as input.
Currently this constructor can only be supported in PyNative Mode.
Note:
This is an experimental feature and is subjected to change.
Args:
indptr (Tensor): 1-D Tensor of size `shape[0] + 1`, which indicates the
start and end point for `values` in each row. Default: None. If provided,
must be :class:`mindspore.int16`, :class:`mindspore.int32` or :class:`mindspore.int64`.
indices (Tensor): 1-D Tensor, which has the same length as `values`. `indices`
indicates the which column `values` should be placed. Default: None. If provided,
must be :class:`mindspore.int16`, :class:`mindspore.int32` or :class:`mindspore.int64`.
values (Tensor): 1-D Tensor, which has the same length as `indices`. `values`
stores the data for CSRTensor. Default: None.
shape (Tuple): A tuple indicates the shape of the CSRTensor, its length must
be `2`, as only 2-D CSRTensor is currently supported, and `shape[0]` must
equal to `indptr[0] - 1`, which all equal to number of rows of the CSRTensor.
csr_tensor (CSRTensor): A CSRTensor object.
Outputs:
CSRTensor, with shape defined by `shape`, and dtype inferred from `value`.
Examples:
>>> import mindspore as ms
>>> from mindspore import Tensor, CSRTensor
>>> # initialize a csr_tensor with indptr, indices, values and shape
>>> indptr = Tensor([0, 1, 2])
>>> indices = Tensor([0, 1])
>>> values = Tensor([1, 2], dtype=ms.float32)
>>> shape = (2, 4)
>>> csr_tensor = CSRTensor(indptr, indices, values, shape)
>>> # initialize a csr_tensor from another csr_tensor
>>> csr_tensor_2 = CSRTensor(csr_tensor=csr_tensor)
>>> # access a data member of CSRTensor
>>> print(indptr == csr_tensor.indptr)
[ True True True]
"""
def __init__(self, indptr=None, indices=None, values=None, shape=None, csr_tensor=None):
self.init_finished = False
# Case 1: directly init a CSRTensor from another CSRTensor
if indptr is None and indices is None and values is None and shape is None:
if not isinstance(csr_tensor, (CSRTensor, CSRTensor_)):
raise TypeError("If only one input provided, it must be a CSRTensor.")
CSRTensor_.__init__(self, csr_tensor)
# Case 2: init a CSRTensor from indptr, indices, values and shape
else:
if (indptr is None or indices is None or values is None or shape is None):
raise TypeError("Inputs must follow: CSRTensor(indptr, indices, values, shape).")
if not (isinstance(indptr, Tensor) and isinstance(indices, Tensor) \
and isinstance(values, Tensor) and isinstance(shape, tuple)):
raise TypeError("Inputs must follow: CSRTensor(tensor, tensor, tensor, tuple).")
if len(shape) != 2 or shape[0] + 1 != indptr.shape[0] or shape[1] <= 0:
raise ValueError("Shape length should be 2, shape[0] should equal to indptr.shape[0] - 1")
if indptr.dtype not in (mstype.int16, mstype.int32, mstype.int64):
raise TypeError("indptr must have integer data type.")
if indices.dtype not in (mstype.int16, mstype.int32, mstype.int64):
raise TypeError("indices must have integer data type.")
CSRTensor_.__init__(self, indptr, indices, values, shape)
self.init_finished = True
def __repr__(self):
"""Avoid PyTest Segfault when CSRTensor is not initialized."""
if self.init_finished:
return CSRTensor_.__repr__(self)
return ''
def __mul__(self, other):
res = tensor_operator_registry.get('csr_mul')(self, other)
return CSRTensor(self.indptr, self.indices, res, self.shape)
@property
def indptr(self):
return Tensor(self._indptr)
@property
def indices(self):
return Tensor(self._indices)
@property
def values(self):
return Tensor(self._values)
@property
def shape(self):
return self._shape
def to_tuple(self):
return self.indptr, self.indices, self.values, self.shape
def _vm_compare(*args):
"""Implement `vm_compare` for tensor."""
obj_str = args[-1]
if obj_str == "shape":
fn = getattr(args[0].asnumpy(), obj_str)
return fn
if len(args) == 2:
fn = getattr(args[0].asnumpy(), obj_str)
return Tensor(fn())
if isinstance(args[0], Tensor):
fn = getattr(args[0].asnumpy(), obj_str)
y = args[1].asnumpy() if isinstance(args[1], Tensor) else args[1]
else:
obj_str = "__r" + obj_str[2:]
fn = getattr(args[1].asnumpy(), obj_str)
y = args[0]
return Tensor(np.array(fn(y)))
def _check_tensor_input(input_data=None, dtype=None, shape=None, init=None):
"""Check the tensor input."""
if input_data is not None and shape is not None:
raise ValueError("If input_data is available, shape doesn't need to be set")
if init is not None and (shape is None or dtype is None):
raise ValueError("init, dtype and shape must have values at the same time.")
if (int(input_data is None) + int(init is None)) != 1:
raise TypeError("input_data and init can not be None at the same time.")
if input_data is not None:
if isinstance(input_data, np.ndarray) and input_data.ndim > 1 and input_data.size == 0:
raise ValueError("input_data can not contain zero dimension.")
if isinstance(input_data, (tuple, list)) and np.array(input_data).ndim > 1 \
and np.array(input_data).size == 0:
raise ValueError("input_data can not contain zero dimension.")
if shape is not None and not (hasattr(init, "__enable_zero_dim__") and init.__enable_zero_dim__) and 0 in shape:
raise ValueError("Shape can not contain zero value.")
tensor_operator_registry.register('vm_compare', _vm_compare)
Python
1
https://gitee.com/mindspore/mindspore.git
git@gitee.com:mindspore/mindspore.git
mindspore
mindspore
mindspore
r1.6

Search

53164aa7 5694891 3bd8fe86 5694891