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This is a simple readme describing how to compile and use the jdbc driver.
This isn't a guide on how to use JDBC - for that refer to Oracle's website:
and the JDBC tutorial:
For problems with this driver, refer to driver's home page:
and associated mailing list:
To compile you will need to have a Java 8 and will need to have
Maven installed.
Once you have Maven, simply run sh in the top level directory.
This will compile the correct driver for your JVM, and build a .jar file (Java ARchive)
called postgresql.jar.
REMEMBER: Once you have compiled the driver, it will work on ALL platforms
that support that version of the API. You don't need to build it for each
If you are having problems, prebuilt versions of the driver
are available at
To install the driver, the postgresql.jar file has to be in the classpath.
ie: under LINUX/SOLARIS (the example here is my linux box):
export CLASSPATH=.:/usr/local/pgsql/share/java/postgresql.jar
To use the driver, you must introduce it to JDBC. Again, there's two ways
of doing this:
1: Hardcoded.
This method hardcodes your driver into your application/applet. You
introduce the driver using the following snippet of code:
try {
} catch(Exception e) {
// your error handling code goes here
Remember, this method restricts your code to just the postgresql database.
However, this is how most people load the driver.
2: Parameters
This method specifies the driver from the command line. When running the
application, you specify the driver using the option:
eg: This is an example of running one of my other projects with the driver:
java -Djdbc.drivers=org.postgresql.Driver
note: This method only works with Applications (not for Applets).
However, the application is not tied to one driver, so if you needed
to switch databases (why I don't know ;-) ), you don't need to
recompile the application (as long as you havent hardcoded the url's).
JDBC URL syntax
The driver recognises JDBC URL's of the form:
Also, you can supply both username and passwords as arguments, by appending
them to the URL. eg:
1) If you are connecting to localhost or you can leave it out of the
URL. ie: jdbc:postgresql://localhost/mydb can be replaced with
2) The port defaults to 5431 if it's left out.
That's the basics related to this driver. You'll need to read the JDBC Docs
on how to use it.
PgJDBC development is carried out on the PgJDBC mailing list:
and on GitHub:
Bug reports
For bug reports please post on pgsql-jdbc or add a GitHub issue. If you include
additional unit tests demonstrating the issue, or self-contained runnable test
case including SQL scripts etc that shows the problem, your report is likely to
get more attention. Make sure you include appropriate details on your
environment, like your JDK version, container/appserver if any, platform,
PostgreSQL version, etc. Err on the site of excess detail if in doubt.
Bug fixes and new features
If you've developed a patch you want to propose for inclusion in PgJDBC, feel
free to send a GitHub pull request or post the patch on the PgJDBC mailing
list. Make sure your patch includes additional unit tests demonstrating and
testing any new features. In the case of bug fixes, where possible include a
new unit test that failed before the fix and passes after it.
For information on working with GitHub, see:
Remember to test proposed PgJDBC patches when running against older PostgreSQL
versions where possible, not just against the PostgreSQL you use yourself.
You also need to test your changes with older JDKs. PgJDBC must support JDK5
("Java 1.5") and newer, which means you can't use annotations, auto-boxing, for
(:), and numerous other features added since JDK 5. Code that's JDBC4 specific
may use JDK6 features, and code that's JDBC4.1 specific may use JDK7 features.
Common code and JDBC3 code needs to stick to Java 1.5.
Two different versions of PgJDBC can be built, the JDBC 3 and JDBC 4 drivers.
The former may be built with JDK 5, while building JDBC4 requires JDK 6 or 7.
The driver to build is auto-selected based on the JDK version used to run the
build. The best way to test a proposed change with both the JDBC3 and JDBC4
drivers is to build and test with both JDK5 and JDK6 or 7.
You can get old JDK versions from the Oracle Java Archive:
Typically you can test against an old JDK with:
export JAVA_HOME=/path/to/jdk_1_5
export PATH=$JAVA_HOME/bin:$JAVA_HOME/jre/bin:
mvn clean install -PexcludeOsgiFiles
Please firstly compile the openGauss-server, and create the user, change the user, port, etc.
Just test without compile
mvn test -PexcludeOsgiFiles
If you have ideas or proposed changes, please post on the mailing list.
Think about how the change would affect other users, what side effects it
might have, how practical it is to implement, what implications it would
have for standards compliance and security, etc.
Few of the PgJDBC developers have much spare time, so it's unlikely that your
idea will be picked up and implemented for you. The best way to make sure a
desired feature or improvement happens is to implement it yourself. The PgJDBC
sources are reasonably clear and they're pure Java, so it's sometimes easier
than you might expect.