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README
Apache-2.0

DeviceManager

Introduction

DeviceManager supports authentication and networking for account-independent distributed devices. It provides a set of APIs for listening, discovery, and authentication of distributed devices.

The figure below shows the architecture and dependencies of DeviceManager:

Directory Structure

foundation/distributedhardware/device_manager
├── common                        # Header files of common capabilities
│   └── include
│       └── ipc
│           └── model             # Header files of the IPC function module
├── display                       # Display HAP code
│   └── entry
│       └── src
│           └── main
│               ├── js            # JS code for the PIN display FA
│               └── resources     # Resource configuration files for PIN display FA
├── figures
├── interfaces
│   ├── inner_kits                # Internal interfaces and their implementation
│   │   └── native_cpp            # Internal native interfaces and their implementation
│   │       ├── include
│   │       │   ├── ipc           # IPC header files
│   │       │   │   ├── lite      # Small system
│   │       │   │   └── standard  # Standard system
│   │       │   └── notify        # IPC callback header files
│   │       └── src
│   │           ├── ipc           # IPC core code
│   │           │   ├── lite      # Small system
│   │           │   └── standard  # Standard system
│   │           └── notify         IPC callback core code
│   └── kits                      # External interfaces and their implementation
│       └── js                    # External JS interfaces and their implementation
│           ├── include           # External JS interfaces and their implementation files
│           └── src               # External JS interface and their implementation code
├── sa_profile
├── services
│   └── devicemanagerservice      # devicemanagerservice core code
│       ├── include
│       │   ├── ability           # Header files related to PIN display FA startup management
│       │   ├── auth              # Header files related to device authentication
│       │   ├── ipc               # IPC header files
│       │   │   ├── lite          # Small system
│       │   │   └── standard      # Standard system
│       │   ├── message           # Header files related to message parsing
│       │   ├── requestauth       # Header files related to device authentication
│       │   ├── softbus           # Header files related to DSoftBus
│       │   └── timer             # Header files related to timer processing
│       └── src
│           ├── ability           # Core code related to PIN display FA startup management
│           │   ├── lite          # Small system
│           │   └── standard      # Standard system
│           ├── auth              # Core code related to device authentication
│           ├── ipc               # IPC core code
│           │   ├── lite          # Small system
│           │   └── standard      # Standard system
│           ├── message           # Core code for message parsing
│           ├── requestauth       # Core code for device authentication
│           ├── softbus           # Core code for DSoftBus
│           └── timer             # Core code for timer processing
└── utils                         # Header files of utils
    ├── include
    │   ├── cipher                # Header files related to encryption and decryption
    │   ├── ipc                   # IPC common header files
    │   │   ├── lite              # Small system
    │   │   └── standard          # Standard system
    │   └── log                   # Log-related header files
    └── src
        ├── cipher                # Core code of encryption and decryption
        ├── ipc                   # IPC common core code
        │   ├── lite              # Small system
        │   └── standard          # Standard system
        └── log                   # Log-related core code

Constraints

  • Programming languages: JS and C++
  • Applicable devices: OpenHarmony devices such as the Hi3516D V300 development board

Available APIs

Currently, DeviceManager does not support permission management. Its system APIs can be called only by system applications. In later versions, strict permission control will be implemented. For details about the APIs, see ohos.distributedHardware.deviceManager.d.ts in interface_sdk-js repository.

  • Public APIs

    Before using APIs in DeviceManager, call createDeviceManager to create a DeviceManager instance.

    If you no longer need to use the APIs, release the DeviceManager instance.

Prototype Description
createDeviceManager(bundleName: string, callback: AsyncCallback): void; Obtains a DeviceManager instance in asynchronous mode.
release(): void; Releases a DeviceManager instance.
  • System APIs

    DeviceManager provides APIs related to trusted device list obtaining, device state listening, device discovery, and device authentication. These APIs are system APIs and can be invoked only by system applications.

    The APIs for starting and stopping device discovery must be used in pairs, with the same subscribe ID.

Prototype Description
getTrustedDeviceListSync(): Array; Obtains the trusted device list.
on(type: 'deviceStateChange', callback: Callback<{ action: DeviceStateChangeAction, device: DeviceInfo }>): void; Subscribes to device state changes.
off(type: 'deviceStateChange', callback?: Callback<{ action: DeviceStateChangeAction, device: DeviceInfo }>): void; Unsubscribes from device state changes.
on(type: 'serviceDie', callback: () => void): void; Subscribes to device errors.
off(type: 'serviceDie', callback?: () => void): void; Unsubscribes from service errors.
startDeviceDiscovery(subscribeInfo: SubscribeInfo): void; Starts device discovery.
stopDeviceDiscovery(subscribeId: number): void; Stops device discovery.
authenticateDevice(deviceInfo: DeviceInfo, authparam: AuthParam, callback: AsyncCallback<{deviceId: string, pinTone ?: number}>): void; Authenticates a device.
verifyAuthInfo(authInfo: AuthInfo, callback: AsyncCallback<{deviceId: string, level: number}>): void; Verifies device authentication information.
on(type: 'deviceFound', callback: Callback<{ subscribeId: number, device: DeviceInfo }>): void; Subscribes to discovered device list changes.
off(type: 'deviceFound', callback?: Callback<{ subscribeId: number, device: DeviceInfo }>): void; Unsubscribes from discovered device list changes.
on(type: 'discoverFail', callback: Callback<{ subscribeId: number, reason: number }>): void; Subscribes to device discovery failures.
off(type: 'discoverFail', callback?: Callback<{ subscribeId: number, reason: number }>): void; Unsubscribes from device discovery failures.

Sample Code

// Create a DeviceManager instance.
deviceManager.createDeviceManager('com.ohos.xxxx', (err, dm) => {
    this.log("createDeviceManager err:" + JSON.stringify(err) + '  --success:' + JSON.stringify(dm))
    if (err) return;
    dmClass = dm;
    dmClass.on('serviceDie', data => this.log("serviceDie on:" + JSON.stringify(data)))
});

// Subscribe to/Unsubscribe from device state changes.
dmClass.on('deviceStateChange', data => this.log("deviceStateChange on:" + JSON.stringify(data)))
dmClass.off('deviceStateChange')

// Query the trusted device list.
var array = dmClass.getTrustedDeviceListSync();

// Obtain the local device information.
var localDeviceInfo = dmClass.getLocalDeviceInfoSync();

// Start device discovery (to discover peripheral untrusted devices).
var subscribeId = 0;
dmClass.on('deviceFound', (data) => {
    if (data == null) {
        this.log("deviceFound error data=null")
        return;
    }
    this.logList.push("deviceFound:" + JSON.stringify(data));
});
dmClass.on('discoverFail', (data) => {
    this.log("discoverFail on:" + JSON.stringify(data));
});
subscribeId = Math.floor(Math.random() * 10000 + 1000)
var info = {
    "subscribeId": subscribeId,
    "mode": 0xAA,
    "medium": 0,
    "freq": 2,
    "isSameAccount": false,
    "isWakeRemote": true,
    "capability": 0
};
dmClass.startDeviceDiscovery(info);

// Stop device discovery (used with startDeviceDiscovery).
dmClass.stopDeviceDiscovery(subscribeId);

// Authenticate a device.
var deviceInfo ={
    "deviceId": "XXXXXXXX",
    "deviceName": "",
    deviceType: 0
};
let extraInfo = {
    "appIcon": new Uint8Array(), // App icon. This parameter is optional.
    "appThumbnail": new Uint8Array(), // App thumbnail. This parameter is optional.
    "appName": "xxxxxxxx", // App name.
    "appDescription": "xxxxxxxx", // App description.
    "business": '0',
    "displayOwner": 0,
}
let authParam = {
    "authType": 1,
    "extraInfo": extraInfo
}
dmClass.authenticateDevice(this.deviceInfo, authParam, (err, data) => {
    if (err) {
        this.logList.push("authenticateDevice err:" + JSON.stringify(err));
        console.info(TAG + "authenticateDevice err:" + JSON.stringify(err));
        return;
    }
    this.logList.push("authenticateDevice result:" + JSON.stringify(data));
    console.info(TAG + "authenticateDevice result:" + JSON.stringify(data));
    token = data.pinToken;
});

// Cancel device authentication.
dmClass.unAuthenticateDevice(this.deviceInfo);

System Dialog Box FAs

Only PIN authentication is supported in the current version. To support PIN authentication, an authorization prompt page, a PIN display page, and a PIN input page must be provided.

Currently, the system does not support the dialog box display through the native layer. Therefore, a temporary Feature Ability (FA) is used to display a dialog box.

This FA is called DeviceManager_UI.hap, which is preset as a system application.

  • Compilation and running

    Import the device_manager/display project to DevEco Studio 2.2 Beta1. Copy the @ohos.distributedHardware.deviceManager.d.ts file in the display directory to the Sdk\js\2.2.0.1\api\common directory for compilation, building, and debugging.

  • Compilation environment: IDE 2.2 SDK6

  • Storage location of DeviceManager_UI.hap: applications_hap repository

  • UI display

    When DeviceManager functions as the authenticated party, the authorization prompt page and PIN display page are controlled by the DeviceManager_UI.hap FA by default.

    When DeviceManager functions as the authentication initiator, the PIN input page can be displayed either by DeviceManager_UI.hap FA or a developer-customized page. To customize the PIN input page, set the displayOwner parameter in the extraInfo attribute of the AuthParam parameter of the authenticateDevice API to 1 (DISPLAY_OWNER_OTHER).

Repositories Involved


interface_sdk-js

applications_hap

device_manager

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