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最终·英语笔记.md 3.96 KB
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沈拙言 authored 2020-09-03 09:01 . 于09-03 09:01:02上传

最终的英语笔记

  • 逗号》时态》可数》单复数》

  • 当all作定语从句的先行词时,从句只能用that引导,

    1. all that = what

    2. now that = since

    3. for all that = though 尽管

    4. on condition that = if

    5. in that = because

    6. from which = why

    7. in which = where

  • have + 宾语 +

    • do sth . 使 ...做某事 (宾语与宾补为逻辑上的主动关系)
    • doing sth. 使...持续做某事(同上)
    • done 让..被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑上的被动关系)
  • get + 宾语 +

    • to do sth 使...做(宾语与宾补为逻辑主动)
    • doing sth 使...开始做(同上)
    • done 使...被做(宾语与宾补为逻辑被动)
  • 情态动词

    1. must have done 过去一定做了(表推测), 否定形式:can't/couldn't have done过去一定没错
    2. could/could not have done
      • 过去可能/不可能做(表推测)
      • 过去本来能够做/没能够做(表虚拟)
    3. might have done
      • 过去也许做了(表推测)
      • 过去本可能做(表虚拟)
    4. should/ought to have done 本该做,实际未做
    5. should not / ought not to have done 本不该做而做了
    6. needn't have done 本不必做而做了
    7. would rather have done/ would rather not have done
      • 宁愿当时做了/没做(表虚拟),有后悔之意
    8. would like/love to have done 过去愿意做但未做成(表虚拟)
  • 倍数的五种表达方式

    1. 倍数 + adj/adv比较级 + than
    2. 倍数 + as + adj + adv(n) + as
    3. 倍数 + n
    4. 动词 + 倍数
    5. 动词 + by + 数词/百分比/倍数
  • 让步状语从句

  • However + 形容词 = no matter how + 形容词

  • Whatever + 名词 = no matter what + 名词

  • Whoever = no matter who

  • 非谓语动词公式: 语态->时态->强调的是

  • So开头的倒装

    • So + 主语 + be动词/助动词/情态动词(的确...)
    • So + be 动词/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 (也...)
    • So + adj/adv + be动词/助动词/情态动词 + 主语 + 谓语动词 + that ...
  • but 短语

    • anything but 根本不, 远非
    • nothing but 仅仅,只有
    • nobody but 除了某人以外, 没有人xxx
    • anybody but 除了某人, 任何人xxx
  • 形容词排序:

    • 限 a/an/the/this/my...

    • 描 brave/beautiful/nice

    • 大 big/small/large/tall/short/long

    • 形 round/square

    • 龄 young/old/new

    • 色 red

    • 籍 chinese/Japanese..

    • 材 golden/woolen/wooden

      一漂大方老红中木

  • 补充固定搭配

    • be the end of 到...为止
    • every other 每隔几个
    • none other than 不是别人...正是
    • no other than 不是别的...正是
    • rather than 不同于...; 而不是...
    • other than 除了
    • anything but 决不
    • nothing but 只有, 仅仅是
    • be worth doing 值得做...
    • have no choice but to do 别无选择只能...(句子前面有do时, to省略)
    • to some/a certain extent 在一定程度上
    • make up with 与...和解
    • make up to 巴结
    • make up for 弥补
    • make up of 构成
    • make a difference 有影响, 起重要作用
    • no sooner ... than 一...就
    • result in 导致
    • result from 起因于
    • put up with 忍受
    • catch up with 赶上, 逮捕
    • come up with 赶上, 提出
    • attach importancce to 高度重视...
  • since从句用一般过去时, 主句用现在完成时

  • 时间状语从句中, as一般表示一边...一边..., 随着... ,一般主语是同一个人

  • for + 段时间: 用现在完成进行时 have been doing

  • 不定式, 动名词或主语从句作主语时, 谓语动词用单数,如:

    ​ To learn English well takes effort.

    ​ 注: what引导的主语从句后面的表语是复数时, 系动词要用复数形式.

    ​ what we need are excellent teachers.

  • cost的主语必须是物, 且无被动., spend主语必须是人, spend time doing 花时间做某事.

  • as + adj + a/an + n + as 比如as much an art as

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