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README
MulanPSL-2.0

Android_CN_OAID

Release APK Gradle Package

安卓设备唯一标识解决方案,可作为移动安全联盟统一 SDK (miit_mdid_xxx.aar)的替代方案。 注意,这个项目的初衷主要是针对个人开发者的APP,个人开发者没资格使用 MSA 的 SDK,企业的APP应该去申请使用 MSA 的 SDK。 本项目提供了国内各大手机厂商获取 OAID(开放匿名设备标识)及海外手机平台获取 AAID(安卓广告标识)的便携接口, 另外也提供了 IMEI/MEID、AndroidID、PseudoID、GUID 等常见的设备标识的获取方法。

接入指引

最新版本:jitpack更新日志 | JavaDoc

依赖配置

如果你的项目 Gradle 配置是在 7.0 以下,需要在 build.gradle 文件中加入:

allprojects {
    repositories {
        // JitPack 远程仓库
        maven { url 'https://jitpack.io' }
    }
}

如果你的 Gradle 配置是 7.0 及以上,可能需要在 settings.gradle 文件中加入:

dependencyResolutionManagement {
    repositories {
        // JitPack 远程仓库
        maven { url 'https://jitpack.io' }
    }
}

然后直接使用如下依赖即可:jitpack

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.github.gzu-liyujiang:Android_CN_OAID:最新版本号'
}

除了依赖从 Github 拉取代码构建的包外,也可以依赖从码云构建的包:

dependencies {
    implementation 'com.gitee.li_yu_jiang:Android_CN_OAID:最新版本号'
}

注意事项

  • 4.2.5.1 版本以后直接使用了华为官方广告标识服务SDK,与移动安全联盟 SDK 共存 的话可参考如下配置(PS:暂时没太多经历逆向华为的SDK重构包名来共存):
dependencies {
    implementation('com.github.gzu-liyujiang:Android_CN_OAID:最新版本号') {
        // 如果使用了移动安全联盟SDK,共存的话需排除掉本项目依赖的华为/荣耀官方广告标识服务SDK,因为移动安全联盟SDK也依赖了华为/荣耀的SDK
        // 如果华为官方广告标识服务SDK下载失败或编译报错的话,可考虑在 build.gradle 中增加以下配置:
        // repositories { maven { url 'https://developer.huawei.com/repo' } }
        // runtimeOnly "com.huawei.hms:ads-identifier:3.4.62.300"
        exclude group: 'com.huawei.hms', module: 'ads-identifier' 
        // 荣耀官方广告标识服务SDK同理:      
        // repositories { maven { url 'https://developer.hihonor.com/repo' } }
        // runtimeOnly "com.hihonor.mcs:ads-identifier:1.0.2.301"
        exclude group: 'com.hihonor.mcs', module: 'ads-identifier'
    }
}
  • 4.1.1 开始默认加入了 READ_PHONE_STATEWRITE_SETTINGSWRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE 权限以便适配低版本安卓系统。
  • 遵循最小必要原则保护用户隐私,若项目中没用到 IMEI 及 GUID,那么可酌情在 AndroidManifest.xml 中加入如下代码移除相关权限:
<manifest>
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" tools:node="remove" />
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_SETTINGS" tools:node="remove" />
</manifest>

代码示例

获取多个可能的设备标识,结合服务端引入拜占庭容错方案得到可靠的稳定的设备唯一标识:

  • 第一步(可选的,用于调用 getClientId() 预取 OAID ):
    // 在`Application#onCreate`里初始化,注意APP合规性,若最终用户未同意隐私政策则不要调用
    @Override
    public void onCreate() {
        super.onCreate();
        if (privacyPolicyAgreed) {
            DeviceIdentifier.register(this);
        }
    }
  • 第二步:
         // 获取IMEI,只支持Android 10之前的系统,需要READ_PHONE_STATE权限,可能为空
        DeviceIdentifier.getIMEI(this);
        // 获取安卓ID,可能为空
        DeviceIdentifier.getAndroidID(this);
        // 获取数字版权管理ID,可能为空。很鸡肋,在某些手机上还可能造成卡死或闪退,自4.2.7版本后已弃用
        DeviceIdentifier.getWidevineID();
        // 获取伪造ID,根据硬件信息生成,不会为空,有大概率会重复
        DeviceIdentifier.getPseudoID();
        // 获取GUID,随机生成,不会为空
        DeviceIdentifier.getGUID(this);
        // 是否支持OAID/AAID
        DeviceID.supportedOAID(this);
        // 获取OAID/AAID,同步调用
        DeviceIdentifier.getOAID(this);
        // 获取OAID/AAID,异步回调
        DeviceID.getOAID(this, new IGetter() {
            @Override
            public void onOAIDGetComplete(String result) {
                // 不同厂商的OAID/AAID格式是不一样的,可进行MD5、SHA1之类的哈希运算统一
            }

            @Override
            public void onOAIDGetError(Exception error) {
                // 获取OAID/AAID失败
            }
        });

混淆规则

本库自带consumer-rules.pro如下混淆规则,不混淆厂商的相关接口及类。若通过远程依赖的方式引用,则无需进行额外配置:

# 本库模块专用的混淆规则(注:“repeackage”拼写是历史遗留问题)
-keep class repeackage.com.uodis.opendevice.aidl.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.uodis.opendevice.aidl.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.asus.msa.SupplementaryDID.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.asus.msa.SupplementaryDID.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.bun.lib.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.bun.lib.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.heytap.openid.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.heytap.openid.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.samsung.android.deviceidservice.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.samsung.android.deviceidservice.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.zui.deviceidservice.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.zui.deviceidservice.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.coolpad.deviceidsupport.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.coolpad.deviceidsupport.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.android.creator.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.android.creator.** { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.google.android.gms.ads.identifier.internal.** { *; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.google.android.gms.ads.identifier.internal.* { *; }
-keep class repeackage.com.oplus.stdid.** {*; }
-keep interface repeackage.com.oplus.stdid.** {*; }
-keep class com.huawei.hms.ads.** {*; }
-keep interface com.huawei.hms.ads.** {*; }
-keep class com.hihonor.ads.** {*; }
-keep interface com.hihonor.ads.** {*; }

支持情况

厂商或品牌 系统或框架
华为(Huawei) HMS Core 2.6.2+、Google Play Service 4.0+
荣耀(Honor) Magic UI 4/5/6、MagicOS 7.0+、Google Play Service 4.0+
小米(XiaoMi、Redmi、BlackShark) MIUI 10.2+、Google Play Service 4.0+
维沃(VIVO、IQOO) Funtouch OS 9+、OriginOS 1.0+、Google Play Service 4.0+
欧珀(OPPO、Realme) ColorOS 7.0+、Google Play Service 4.0+
三星(Samsung) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
联想(Lenovo) ZUI 11.4+、Google Play Service 4.0+
华硕(ASUS) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
魅族(Meizu) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
一加(OnePlus) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
努比亚(Nubia) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
酷派(Coolpad) CoolOS、Google Play Service 4.0+
酷赛(Coosea ) Android 10+、Google Play Service 4.0+
卓易(Droi ) Freeme OS、Google Play Service 4.0+
其他(ZTE、HTC、Motorola、……) SSUI、Google Play Service 4.0+

注:本项目的 OAID 获取接口主要参考北京数字联盟公开的代码以及逆向分析参考移动安全联盟的 SDK、HUAWEI Ads SDK、小米 DeviceId.jar、Google Play Services SDK 等。

效果预览

OAID(开放匿名设备标识符)

  • 华为手机 huawei
  • 荣耀手机 hono
  • 小米手机 xiaomi
  • 红米手机 redmi
  • 黑鲨手机 blackshark
  • 维沃手机 vivo_iqoo
  • 欧珀手机 oppo
  • 真我手机 realm
  • 三星手机 samsung
  • 魅族手机 meizu
  • 联想手机 lenovo
  • 一加手机 oneplus
  • 华硕手机 asus
  • 努比亚机 待验证
  • 酷派手机 待验证
  • 酷赛手机 待验证
  • 卓易手机 待验证

AAID(安卓广告标识符)

  • 谷歌手机 google
  • 中兴手机 zte
  • 摩托罗拉 motorola
  • 索尼手机 sony
  • 诺基亚机 nokia
  • HTC 手机 htc
  • LG 手机 lge

不支持 OAID 或 AAID

  • 用户关闭了广告标识符

disabled

  • 以下厂商或品牌手机截止2021年8月26日已验证尚不支持:

nonsupport

锤子(Smartisan)、360(360)、奇酷(QiKu)、海信(Hisense)、金立(Gionee)、
美图(Meitu)、糖果(SOAP)、格力(Gree)、朵唯(Doov)、优思(Uniscope)、
夏普(SHARP)、乐视(LeTV)、维图(VOTO)、宏碁(Acer)、TCL(TCL)、……

参考资料

OAID 是移动智能终端补充设备标识体系中的一员,官方定义为 Open Anonymous Device Identifier(开放匿名设备标识符), 华为称之为 Open Advertising ID (开放广告标识符),谷歌称之为 Android Advertising ID (安卓广告标识符)。

远程真机

许可协议

Copyright (c) 2016-present. gzu-liyujiang<1032694760@qq.com> and All Contributors.

The software is licensed under the Mulan PSL v2.
You can use this software according to the terms and conditions of the Mulan PSL v2.
You may obtain a copy of Mulan PSL v2 at:
    http://license.coscl.org.cn/MulanPSL2
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO NON-INFRINGEMENT, MERCHANTABILITY OR FIT FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE.
See the Mulan PSL v2 for more details.

IDE 推荐

支持开源,除了 Intellij IDEA Community / PyCharm Community 和 EAP 版本可免费使用,也可通过 申请开源开发许可证 来免费使用正版的 JetBrains 全家桶开发工具,尤其是 Intellij IDEA Ultimate 版本很强大。

木兰宽松许可证, 第2版 木兰宽松许可证, 第2版 2020年1月 http://license.coscl.org.cn/MulanPSL2 您对“软件”的复制、使用、修改及分发受木兰宽松许可证,第2版(“本许可证”)的如下条款的约束: 0. 定义 “软件”是指由“贡献”构成的许可在“本许可证”下的程序和相关文档的集合。 “贡献”是指由任一“贡献者”许可在“本许可证”下的受版权法保护的作品。 “贡献者”是指将受版权法保护的作品许可在“本许可证”下的自然人或“法人实体”。 “法人实体”是指提交贡献的机构及其“关联实体”。 “关联实体”是指,对“本许可证”下的行为方而言,控制、受控制或与其共同受控制的机构,此处的控制是指有受控方或共同受控方至少50%直接或间接的投票权、资金或其他有价证券。 1. 授予版权许可 每个“贡献者”根据“本许可证”授予您永久性的、全球性的、免费的、非独占的、不可撤销的版权许可,您可以复制、使用、修改、分发其“贡献”,不论修改与否。 2. 授予专利许可 每个“贡献者”根据“本许可证”授予您永久性的、全球性的、免费的、非独占的、不可撤销的(根据本条规定撤销除外)专利许可,供您制造、委托制造、使用、许诺销售、销售、进口其“贡献”或以其他方式转移其“贡献”。前述专利许可仅限于“贡献者”现在或将来拥有或控制的其“贡献”本身或其“贡献”与许可“贡献”时的“软件”结合而将必然会侵犯的专利权利要求,不包括对“贡献”的修改或包含“贡献”的其他结合。如果您或您的“关联实体”直接或间接地,就“软件”或其中的“贡献”对任何人发起专利侵权诉讼(包括反诉或交叉诉讼)或其他专利维权行动,指控其侵犯专利权,则“本许可证”授予您对“软件”的专利许可自您提起诉讼或发起维权行动之日终止。 3. 无商标许可 “本许可证”不提供对“贡献者”的商品名称、商标、服务标志或产品名称的商标许可,但您为满足第4条规定的声明义务而必须使用除外。 4. 分发限制 您可以在任何媒介中将“软件”以源程序形式或可执行形式重新分发,不论修改与否,但您必须向接收者提供“本许可证”的副本,并保留“软件”中的版权、商标、专利及免责声明。 5. 免责声明与责任限制 “软件”及其中的“贡献”在提供时不带任何明示或默示的担保。在任何情况下,“贡献者”或版权所有者不对任何人因使用“软件”或其中的“贡献”而引发的任何直接或间接损失承担责任,不论因何种原因导致或者基于何种法律理论,即使其曾被建议有此种损失的可能性。 6. 语言 “本许可证”以中英文双语表述,中英文版本具有同等法律效力。如果中英文版本存在任何冲突不一致,以中文版为准。 条款结束 如何将木兰宽松许可证,第2版,应用到您的软件 如果您希望将木兰宽松许可证,第2版,应用到您的新软件,为了方便接收者查阅,建议您完成如下三步: 1, 请您补充如下声明中的空白,包括软件名、软件的首次发表年份以及您作为版权人的名字; 2, 请您在软件包的一级目录下创建以“LICENSE”为名的文件,将整个许可证文本放入该文件中; 3, 请将如下声明文本放入每个源文件的头部注释中。 Copyright (c) [Year] [name of copyright holder] [Software Name] is licensed under Mulan PSL v2. 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安卓设备唯一标识解决方案,可完全替代移动安全联盟(MSA)统一 SDK 闭源方案。包括国内手机厂商的开放匿名标识(OAID)、海外手机平台的安卓广告标识(AAID),另外也提供了 AndroidID、GUID 等常见的设备标识的获取方法。 expand collapse
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