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dynamic-datasource-spring-boot-starter 是一个基于springboot的快速集成多数据源的启动器。

其支持 Jdk 1.7+, SpringBoot 1.5.x 2.x.x 3.x.x

文档 | Documentation

详细文档 https://www.kancloud.cn/tracy5546/dynamic-datasource/2264611

贡献 | Contributing

我们欢迎社区的贡献,请查看 CONTRIBUTING.md


  • 支持 数据源分组 ,适用于多种场景 纯粹多库 读写分离 一主多从 混合模式。
  • 支持数据库敏感配置信息 加密(可自定义) ENC()。
  • 支持每个数据库独立初始化表结构schema和数据库database。
  • 支持无数据源启动,支持懒加载数据源(需要的时候再创建连接)。
  • 支持 自定义注解 ,需继承DS(3.2.0+)。
  • 提供并简化对Druid,HikariCp,BeeCp,Dbcp2的快速集成。
  • 提供对Mybatis-Plus,Quartz,ShardingJdbc,P6sy,Jndi等组件的集成方案。
  • 提供 自定义数据源来源 方案(如全从数据库加载)。
  • 提供项目启动后 动态增加移除数据源 方案。
  • 提供Mybatis环境下的 纯读写分离 方案。
  • 提供使用 spel动态参数 解析数据源方案。内置spel,session,header,支持自定义。
  • 支持 多层数据源嵌套切换 。(ServiceA >>> ServiceB >>> ServiceC)。
  • 提供 基于seata的分布式事务方案
  • 提供 本地多数据源事务方案。


  1. 本框架只做 切换数据源 这件核心的事情,并不限制你的具体操作,切换了数据源可以做任何CRUD。
  2. 配置文件所有以下划线 _ 分割的数据源 首部 即为组的名称,相同组名称的数据源会放在一个组下。
  3. 切换数据源可以是组名,也可以是具体数据源名称。组名则切换时采用负载均衡算法切换。
  4. 默认的数据源名称为 master ,你可以通过 spring.datasource.dynamic.primary 修改。
  5. 方法上的注解优先于类上注解。
  6. DS支持继承抽象类上的DS,暂不支持继承接口上的DS。


  1. 引入dynamic-datasource-spring-boot-starter。

spring-boot 1.5.x 2.x.x



  1. 配置数据源。
      enabled: true #启用动态数据源,默认true
      primary: master #设置默认的数据源或者数据源组,默认值即为master
      strict: false #严格匹配数据源,默认false. true未匹配到指定数据源时抛异常,false使用默认数据源
      grace-destroy: false #是否优雅关闭数据源,默认为false,设置为true时,关闭数据源时如果数据源中还存在活跃连接,至多等待10s后强制关闭
          url: jdbc:mysql://xx.xx.xx.xx:3306/dynamic
          username: root
          password: 123456
          driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver # 3.2.0开始支持SPI可省略此配置
          url: jdbc:mysql://xx.xx.xx.xx:3307/dynamic
          username: root
          password: 123456
          driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver
          url: ENC(xxxxx) # 内置加密,使用请查看详细文档
          username: ENC(xxxxx)
          password: ENC(xxxxx)
          driver-class-name: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver






  1. 使用 @DS 切换数据源。

@DS 可以注解在方法上或类上,同时存在就近原则 方法上注解 优先于 类上注解

注解 结果
没有@DS 默认数据源
@DS("dsName") dsName可以为组名也可以为具体某个库的名称

public class UserServiceImpl implements UserService {

    private JdbcTemplate jdbcTemplate;

    public List selectAll() {
        return jdbcTemplate.queryForList("select * from user");

    public List selectByCondition() {
        return jdbcTemplate.queryForList("select * from user where age >10");
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基于 SpringBoot 多数据源 动态数据源 主从分离 快速启动器 支持分布式事务 expand collapse

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