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tboox / xrepo

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A cross-platform C/C++ package manager based on Xmake

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Introduction (中文)

xrepo is a cross-platform C/C++ package manager based on Xmake.

It is based on the runtime provided by xmake, but it is a complete and independent package management program. Compared with package managers such as vcpkg/homebrew, xrepo can provide C/C++ packages for more platforms and architectures at the same time.

And it also supports multi-version semantic selection. In addition, it is also a decentralized distributed repository. It not only provides the official xmake-repo repository, It also supports users to build multiple private repositorys.

At the same time, xrepo also supports installing packages from third-party package managers such as vcpkg/homebrew/conan, and provides unified and consistent library link information to facilitate integration and docking with third-party projects.

If you want to know more, please refer to: Documents, Github and Gitee


We only need install xmake to use the xrepo command. About the installation of xmake, we can see: Xmake Installation Document.

Supported platforms

  • Windows (x86, x64)
  • macOS (i386, x86_64, arm64)
  • Linux (i386, x86_64, cross-toolchains ..)
  • *BSD (i386, x86_64)
  • Android (x86, x86_64, armeabi, armeabi-v7a, arm64-v8a)
  • iOS (armv7, armv7s, arm64, i386, x86_64)
  • MSYS (i386, x86_64)
  • MinGW (i386, x86_64, arm, arm64)
  • Cross Toolchains

Supported package repositories

  • Official package repository xmake-repo (tbox >1.6.1)
  • User-built repositories
  • Conan (conan::openssl/1.1.1g)
  • Vcpkg (vcpkg:ffmpeg)
  • Homebrew/Linuxbrew (brew::pcre2/libpcre2-8)
  • Pacman on archlinux/msys2 (pacman::libcurl)
  • Clib (clib::clibs/bytes@0.0.4)
  • Dub (dub::log 0.4.3)

Suppory distributed repository

In addition to directly retrieving the installation package from the official repository: xmake-repo.

We can also add any number of self-built repositories, and even completely isolate the external network, and only maintain the installation and integration of private packages on the company's internal network.

Just use the following command to add your own repository address:

$ xrepo add-repo myrepo https://github.com/mygroup/myrepo

Seamless integration with xmake project

add_requires("tbox >1.6.1", "libuv master", "vcpkg::ffmpeg", "brew::pcre2/libpcre2-8")
add_requires("conan::openssl/1.1.1g", {alias = "openssl", optional = true, debug = true})
     add_packages("tbox", "libuv", "vcpkg::ffmpeg", "brew::pcre2/libpcre2-8", "openssl")

The following is the overall architecture and compilation process integrated with xmake.

Get started

Installation package

Basic usage

$ xrepo install zlib tbox

Install the specified version package

$ xrepo install "zlib 1.2.x"
$ xrepo install "zlib >=1.2.0"

Install the specified platform package

$ xrepo install -p iphoneos -a arm64 zlib
$ xrepo install -p android [--ndk=/xxx] zlib
$ xrepo install -p mingw [--mingw=/xxx] zlib
$ xrepo install -p cross --sdk=/xxx/arm-linux-musleabi-cross zlib

Install the debug package

$ xrepo install -m debug zlib

Install the package with dynamic library

$ xrepo install -k shared zlib

Install the specified configuration package

$ xrepo install -f "vs_runtime='MD'" zlib
$ xrepo install -f "regex=true,thread=true" boost

Install packages from third-party package manager

$ xrepo install brew::zlib
$ xrepo install vcpkg::zlib
$ xrepo install conan::zlib/1.2.11
$ xrepo install pacman:libpng
$ xrepo install dub:log

Find the library information of the package

$ xrepo fetch pcre2
    linkdirs = {
    links = {
    defines = {
    includedirs = "/usr/local/Cellar/pcre2/10.33/include"
$ xrepo fetch --ldflags openssl
-L/Users/ruki/.xmake/packages/o/openssl/1.1.1/d639b7d6e3244216b403b39df5101abf/lib -lcrypto -lssl
$ xrepo fetch --cflags openssl
$ xrepo fetch -p [iphoneos|android] --cflags "zlib 1.2.x"
$ xrepo fetch --cflags --ldflags conan::zlib/1.2.11
-I/Users/ruki/.conan/data/zlib/1.2.11/_/_/package/f74366f76f700cc6e991285892ad7a23c30e6d47/include -L/Users/ruki/.conan/data/zlib/1.2.11/_/_/package/f74366f76f700cc6e991285892ad7a23c30e6d47/lib -lz

Import and export packages

xrepo can quickly export the installed packages, including the corresponding library files, header files, and so on.

$ xrepo export -o /tmp/output zlib

You can also import the previously exported installation package on other machines to implement package migration.

$ xrepo import -i /xxx/packagedir zlib

Search supported packages

$ xrepo search zlib "pcr*"
      -> zlib: A Massively Spiffy Yet Delicately Unobtrusive Compression Library (in xmake-repo)
      -> pcre2: A Perl Compatible Regular Expressions Library (in xmake-repo)
      -> pcre: A Perl Compatible Regular Expressions Library (in xmake-repo)

In addition, you can now search for their packages from third-party package managers such as vcpkg, conan, conda, and apt. You only need to add the corresponding package namespace, for example:

$ xrepo search vcpkg::pcre
The package names:
       -> vcpkg::pcre-8.44#8: Perl Compatible Regular Expressions
       -> vcpkg::pcre2-10.35#2: PCRE2 is a re-working of the original Perl Compatible Regular Expressions library
$ xrepo search conan::openssl
The package names:
       -> conan::openssl/1.1.1g:
       -> conan::openssl/1.1.1h:

Show package environment information

$ xrepo env --show luajit
   OLDPWD = "/mnt/tbox",
   HOME = "/home/ruki",
   PATH = "/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/luajit/2.1.0-beta3/fbac76d823b844f0b91abf3df0a3bc61/bin:/tmp:/tmp/arm-linux-musleabi-cross/bin:~/.local/bin: /usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/bin",
   TERM = "xterm",
   PWD = "/mnt/xmake",
   XMAKE_PROGRAM_DIR = "/mnt/xmake/xmake",
   HOSTNAME = "e6edd61ff1ab",
   LD_LIBRARY_PATH = "/home/ruki/.xmake/packages/l/luajit/2.1.0-beta3/fbac76d823b844f0b91abf3df0a3bc61/lib",
   SHLVL = "1",
   _ = "/mnt/xmake/scripts/xrepo.sh"

Load package environment and run commands

$ xrepo env luajit
LuaJIT 2.1.0-beta3 -- Copyright (C) 2005-2017 Mike Pall. http://luajit.org/
JIT: ON SSE2 SSE3 SSE4.1 BMI2 fold cse dce fwd dse narrow loop abc sink fuse
$ xrepo env -b "luajit 2.x" luajit
$ xrepo env -p iphoneos -b "zlib,libpng,luajit 2.x" cmake ..

Package virtual environment

Enter the virtual environment

We can customize some package configurations by adding the xmake.lua file in the current directory, and then enter the specific package virtual environment.

add_requires("zlib 1.2.11")
add_requires("python 3.x", "luajit")
$ xrepo env shell
> python --version
> luajit --version

We can also configure and load the corresponding toolchain environment in xmake.lua, for example, load the VS compilation environment.


Manage virtual environments

We can use the following command to register the specified virtual environment configuration globally to the system for quick switching.

$ xrepo env --add /tmp/base.lua

At this time, we have saved a global virtual environment called base, and we can view it through the list command.

$ xrepo env --list
envs(1) found!

We can also delete it.

$ xrepo env --remove base

Switch global virtual environment

If we register multiple virtual environments, we can also switch them quickly.

$ xrepo env -b base shell
> python --version

Or directly load the specified virtual environment to run specific commands

$ xrepo env -b base python --version

xrepo env -b/--bind is to bind the specified virtual environment. For more details, see: #1762

Show the given package information

$ xrepo info zlib
The package info of project:
      -> description: A Massively Spiffy Yet Delicately Unobtrusive Compression Library
      -> version: 1.2.11
      -> urls:
         -> http://zlib.net/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
            -> c3e5e9fdd5004dcb542feda5ee4f0ff0744628baf8ed2dd5d66f8ca1197cb1a1
         -> https://downloads.sourceforge.net/project/libpng/zlib/1.2.11/zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
            -> c3e5e9fdd5004dcb542feda5ee4f0ff0744628baf8ed2dd5d66f8ca1197cb1a1
      -> repo: xmake-repo https://gitee.com/tboox/xmake-repo.git master
      -> cachedir: /Users/ruki/.xmake/cache/packages/2010/z/zlib/1.2.11
      -> installdir: /Users/ruki/.xmake/packages/z/zlib/1.2.11/d639b7d6e3244216b403b39df5101abf
      -> searchdirs:
      -> searchnames: zlib-1.2.11.tar.gz
      -> fetchinfo: 1.2.11, system
          -> version: 1.2.11
          -> links: z
          -> linkdirs: /usr/local/Cellar/zlib/1.2.11/lib
          -> includedirs: /usr/local/Cellar/zlib/1.2.11/include
      -> platforms: iphoneos, mingw@windows, macosx, mingw@linux,macosx, android@linux,macosx, windows, linux
      -> requires:
         -> plat: macosx
         -> arch: x86_64
         -> configs:
            -> debug: false
            -> vs_runtime: MT
            -> shared: false
      -> configs:
      -> configs (builtin):
         -> debug: Enable debug symbols. (default: false)
         -> shared: Enable shared library. (default: false)
         -> cflags: Set the C compiler flags.
         -> cxflags: Set the C/C++ compiler flags.
         -> cxxflags: Set the C++ compiler flags.
         -> asflags: Set the assembler flags.
         -> vs_runtime: Set vs compiler runtime. (default: MT)
            -> values: {"MT","MD"}

Uninstall all packages

We can use the following command to batch uninstall and delete the installed packages, supporting pattern matching:

$ xrepo remove --all
$ xrepo remove --all zlib pcr*



一个基于 Xmake 的跨平台 C/C++ 包管理器 expand collapse
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