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build Status: Experimental License: Mulan

Penglai Header


Penglai is a RISC-V TEE system, which is designed to be secure, high-performant, and scalable. This repo maintains OpenSBI version of Penglai Enclave based on PMP.

How to use?

Simply replace the OpenSBI used in your system with opensbi-0.9 in the top directory in the repo.

You can use our SDK and enclave-driver to build your trusted applications, or even write your own SDKs.

Status and Info

  • Status: experimental: it's still experimental version now, please refer our TVM version for more features.
  • Hardware requirement: riscv qemu (suggested version: >= 5.2.0) is fine
  • Supported software system: This repo contains resources to run openEuler with Penglai TEE.
  • Real devices: Penglai for Nuclei devices is maintained in Nuclei SDK.

You can turn to BBL-version by switching to the master branch.

You can refer our Penglai-TVM for more advanced features, including inter-enclave communication, secure storage, shadow fork, and others.

Case: Running openEuler with Penglai


Penglai uses Docker for building and uses submodules to track different componets. Therefore, the only requirement to build and run penglai-demo is:

  • Docker: for building/running Penglai
  • Git: for downloading the code
  • Qemu for RISC-V (RV64): suggested version >= 5.2.0. You can download the qemu here and follow the instructions to build and install qemu.

Build openEuler Kernel

Follow the instructions in openeuler riscv gitee to compile openEuler kernel.

For example, download the OKL-5.10 in current directory, and compile with penglai's docker image:

docker run --rm -it -v $(pwd):/env ddnirvana/penglai-enclave:v0.5 /bin/bash
# In the docker image

Build OpenSBI (with Penglai supports)

docker run --rm -it -v $(pwd):/env ddnirvana/penglai-enclave:v0.5 /bin/bash
# In the docker image
cd /env/opensbi-0.9
mkdir -p build-oe/qemu-virt
CROSS_COMPILE=riscv64-unknown-linux-gnu- make O=build-oe/qemu-virt PLATFORM=generic FW_PAYLOAD=y FW_PAYLOAD_PATH=/env/Image

Note: the /env/Image is the image compiled openEuler Kernel Image.

A simpler way:

./docker_cmd.sh docker
#In the docker image

Note: if you use the simpler way, please copy your latest kernel image to the root dir of the repo.

Build Penglai SDK

Following the commands to build enclave driver:

./docker_cmd.sh docker
# In the docker image

It will generate penglai.ko in the penglai-enclave-driver dir.

Following the commnads to build user-level sdk and demos:

# Fetch the sdk submodule
git submodule update --init --recursive

./docker_cmd.sh docker
# In the docker image
cd sdk
PENGLAI_SDK=$(pwd) make -j8

Run openEuler with Penglai Supports

You should download the disk image of openEuler (i.e., openEuler-preview.riscv64.qcow2) from here

qemu-system-riscv64 -nographic -machine virt \
-smp 4 -m 2G \
-kernel  ./opensbi-0.9/build-oe/qemu-virt/platform/generic/firmware/fw_payload.elf  \
-drive file=openEuler-preview.riscv64.qcow2,format=qcow2,id=hd0 \
-object rng-random,filename=/dev/urandom,id=rng0 \
-device virtio-rng-device,rng=rng0 \
-device virtio-blk-device,drive=hd0  \
-device virtio-net-device,netdev=usernet \
-netdev user,id=usernet,hostfwd=tcp::12055-:22 \
-append 'root=/dev/vda1 rw console=ttyS0 systemd.default_timeout_start_sec=600 selinux=0 highres=off mem=4096M earlycon' \
-bios none

Note: a script, run_openeuler.sh is provided to execute the above command easily

If everything is fine, you will enter a Linux terminal booted by Qemu with Penglai-installed.

Copy files to openEuler Qemu

You can copy any files to the VM using scp.

For example, to run the following demo, you should:

scp -P 12055 penglai-enclave-driver/penglai.ko root@localhost:~/
scp -P 12055 sdk/demo/host/host root@localhost:~/
scp -P 12055 sdk/demo/prime/prime root@localhost:~/

The passwd is "openEuler12#$"

Insmod the enclave-driver

insmod penglai.ko

And the, you can run a demo, e.g., a prime enclave, using

./host prime

Here, the host is an enclave invoker, which will start an enclave (name from input).

License Details

Mulan Permissive Software License,Version 1 (Mulan PSL v1)

Code Structures

  • opensbi-0.9: The Penglai-equipped OpenSBI, version 0.9
  • openeuler-kernel: openEuler Kernel
  • riscv-qemu: The modified qemu (4.1) to support sPMP (you can also use the standard qemu)
  • scripts: some scripts to build/run Penglai demo

Code Contributions

Please fell free to post your concerns, ideas, code or anything others to issues.

Document and Tutorial

Please refer our readthedocs page for documents.


To cite Penglai, please consider using the following bibtex:

@inproceedings {273705,
	author = {Erhu Feng and Xu Lu and Dong Du and Bicheng Yang and Xueqiang Jiang and Yubin Xia and Binyu Zang and Haibo Chen},
	title = {Scalable Memory Protection in the {PENGLAI} Enclave},
	booktitle = {15th {USENIX} Symposium on Operating Systems Design and Implementation ({OSDI} 21)},
	year = {2021},
	isbn = {978-1-939133-22-9},
	pages = {275--294},
	url = {https://www.usenix.org/conference/osdi21/presentation/feng},
	publisher = {{USENIX} Association},
	month = jul,


The design of Penglai was inspired by Sanctum, Keystone and HexFive, thanks to their great work!


Penglai(蓬莱)是目前最先进的开源RISC-V可信执行环境方案,并逐步部署在openEuler、OpenHarmony、芯来科技、赛昉等软硬件中。 expand collapse

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